Dd208 Tma 03 Essay

1737 words - 7 pages

How does the concept of ‘problem’ populations highlight the ‘entangled’ nature of the relationship between crime control and social welfare policy? In what ways does the entanglement raise issues of social justice?

This essay will highlight the ‘entanglements’ between crime control and social welfare, and how these entanglements raise issues of social justice. I will achieve this by using examples of ‘problem’ populations. Crime control and social welfare are employed and enforced by the state to produce equal rights in society, however sometimes these policies can highlight entanglements. The term entanglements is used to describe the relationships between the different polices, ...view middle of the document...

Other criminal activity which occurs at Lake Naivasha includes child assaults. This has risen because Mothers have to work on the farms, leaving their children with people who are insufficient to care for them. In chapter 5, one report showed how crime rates as well as education have been affected by the factories. For example, one school now has over 2,800 pupils (due to the increasing influx of people living in the area) and it is reported in the media that there are more rape cases and sexual assaults in Lake Navaisha than any other town in the country (Extract 5.3, Chapter 5, 2008). This example also shows how the welfare for the existing population of Lake Navaisha has been put to one side in order for the flower factories to make profit. “What is not taken in to account by the companies is that their activities place enormous extra pressure on the lake…every job attracts seven other people to the area. We estimate that the new population uses 750,000 bags of charcoal a year. The forests are being felled to provide fuel for the people growing the flowers” (Extract 5.3, Chapter 5, 2008). This proves not only how the poor pay affects the workers, but also how the growing companies affect the resident’s welfare due to the increasing need for charcoal; this results in the loss of the local forest. Social injustices are a growing concern due to the poor working conditions that the factory workers are faced with due to working with chemicals that can be potentially life threatening.
Another example of how social welfare and crime control can be entangled can be seen in the newspaper reports from Kenya where there are deep rooted social injustices occurring. In 2004, a magazine reported that scientists were illegally obtaining living organisms from plants that were found in the Rift Valley in Kenya. These organisms were to be made into a bleaching agent for denim after being sold to a biotech company who extracted enzymes from the plants. The companies involved made millions from this process however, the Rift Valley, where the plants where grown and taken from, seen no financial or social benefit. This example of bio-piracy in Kenya highlights the ways in which global corporations are able to exploit the indigenous population. In order for these companies to maximise their profits, they ignore the needs and social welfare of the local people, who are seeing no personal gain and are instead just being used for cheap labour. These two examples from Kenya show how social welfare is not a key aspect of the organisations involved and instead, their profit and gain is more important, thus leaving the society to suffer in the poor conditions, creating problem populations.
Another example of a problem population highlighting the entanglements between crime control and social welfare can be seen in the case of Hurricane Katrina and the aftermath of the disaster. It has been seen as the largest natural disaster, yet for many bystanders it was no...

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