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Dam Disaster Essay

3373 words - 14 pages

1.0Introduction
One of the world's largest hydroelectric plants is Sayano Shushenskaya Power station Plant, with a dam of 245 m (800 ft) high and stretches 1 km (0.6 miles) crossways on the Yenisei River. The station opened in 1978, it supplies a quarter of RusHydro output and is a major power supplier to at least two smelters owned by United Company RUSAL, the world's largest aluminum producer (Boyko and Popov et al., 2010). The hydroelectric power station is located on the Yenisei River, near Sayanogorsk in Khakassia, Russia. Before the accident, it was well known the largest power plant in Russia and the sixth-largest hydroelectric plant in the world
In early Monday morning on August ...view middle of the document...

An official report on the accident was issued on 4th October 2009.
This research is being carried out to break down the scenario that has occurred in the Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant (SSH), and to investigate on the disaster and what was the failure that led up the turbines to explode. Therefore this study will cover the management process of the Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant and to describe their industrial process along with the evaluation of the root factors that cause the disaster, as well the study will reveal the consequence of health, environment and damage cost that been caused by the disaster,
Lastly, the research will put forward the improvement and prevention actions to promote safety.

Figure 1

2.0 Management and operation

Management structures is the most essential arrangement, it appears in every type of organization including government departments, non-government organizations (NGOs), charities, and even the local sporting association. Therefore selecting the proper management structure makes certain an organization has nonstop expansion, In other hand choosing the wrong structure produces tensions between employees and managers, which allows unproductive work practices to burgeon and reduces company profitability. In the worst case, a faulty management structure can lead to company finality (Bombaci,CPA., n.d., pp. 1-3).
For that reason, there are a number of key components that strengthen a management structure and should be considered when put into practice a new structure.
Several of these key components are:
• Complexity
• Task definition
• Co-ordination
• Type of Influence
• Vertical
• Communication Style
• Horizontal differentiation
• Centralization
• Spatial differentiation
• Formalization


Figure 2

3.0 Industrial process

RusHydro is established as part of Russia’s privatization movement in December 2004, even though the Russian government owns most of its shares (about 60%). RusHydro still possess 55 hydro plants, is the leading power company in Russia by installed capacity estimated (25.4 GW) and the second-largest hydroelectric power company in the world. The energy generated by SSH, about 23.5 TWh annually, was about one-quarter of that produced by RusHydro’s resources for the Unified Energy Systems of Russia and Siberia. United Company Rusal’s aluminum smelters have the most generated energy about 70%, which produce about 12% of the world’s aluminum (Boyko and Popov et al., 2010)

At the start of construction in 1961, and before the accident, Sayano-Shushenskaya Hydroelectric Power Station was the largest hydroelectric power station in Russia and the sixth-largest hydroelectric power station in the world by considering the average power station. The length of the completed dam is 1,066 meters (m), and it rises 242 m above the river floor...

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