Dadaism and Surrealism
Dadaism and Surrealism
The Dadaism art movement is part of history now. The movement began in Zurich and New York around the time of the First World War. ("Dada," n.d.) Dadaism was aimed at the artists who felt art created spiritual values. There was a focus on the failure of this by the endless days of war, the art of previous era’s had done nothing to create spiritual values in the followers mind. Dada was a protest against what they felt was the root cause of war. Dada was an “anti-art” according to Hans Richter, one of the founders of this movement. Dada was used to offend people; it ignored aesthetics and was generally preposterous in form. Many of ...view middle of the document...
Although both art periods occurred very close to each other they were both similar and dissimilar at the same time. Both forms of art were inspired by the desire of revolution, and defiance. Surrealism however was different from Dadaism. Surrealism sought to be productive, while Dadaism was used to offend and cause damage to existing art. Many times at gatherings discussing Dadaism there would be assaults on art and the culture that was dominant at that time. Dadaism sought to destroy social hierarchies. As World War 1 came to an end the Dadaism movement weakened as the artists began to move back to their countries from Zurich.
Andre Breton was involved with Dadaism but didn’t agree with all the groups ideas; from this he published the Surrealist Manifesto. ("Breton," n.d.) From his involvement he was able to shape and change surrealism to what he felt it should be. There was a drive for this movement to be productive. The art was inspired by psychoanalysis, showing art in the state of what may be possible only in dreams. There was a desire to create art that one could marvel at, not something of reason. Dadaism attacked art of old like the moustache and beard that Marcel Duchamp colored on a reproduction of the Mona Lisa. ("Dada," n.d.)
Both of these periods of art however do relate to each other in the common goal of influencing people through the many journals and manuscripts that they produced and sold. Through these many journals and manuscripts both forms attempted to define their views of the world and voiced their hopes to liberate art and culture from the limitations that had been placed upon it by society up until that point in time. Although neither had any profound impact on society, they did leave a mark in the history of art, which today still remain sources of artistic inspiration today.
In the surrealism era if we look at the art piece “Persistence of Memory” by Dali and Duchamp’s version of “Mona Lisa” we can see that they both used revolution and defiance in their art. Duchamp’s was more of defiance against the art world and how things had been taught up to that point. Dali also did something similar by taking...