P3 Explain possible influences on dietary intake
There are many influences that may affect an individual and their diet. There are various amounts of factors that may affect an individual factors such as medical disorders, personal preference, lifestyle and socio-cultural factors.
There are many underlying health conditions that result in an individual having to alternate their dietary intake. It’s always important that an individual eats healthy, but because of not being able to eat certain foods because of medical disorders eating balanced and even healthy becomes more complicated. An individual can be having a medical disorder that can determine their diet; this could be anything from ...view middle of the document...
People with anorexia try to keep their weight as low as possible, usually by restricting the amount of food they consume. They often have a distorted image of themselves, thinking that they are fat when they are not. Some people tend to exercise excessively and some eat a lot of food in a short space of time. They also make themselves sick or use purging. They often go to great attempts to hide their behaviour from family and friends by lying about what they have eaten or pretend to have eaten earlier. The main symptom of anorexia is losing a lot of weight deliberately. For example, by:
Eating as little as possible, making you vomit, over-exercising – burning more calories than they consume in a day. A person with anorexia will want their weight as low as possible much less than average for their age and height. After eating they may try to get rid of food from their body by making themselves sick. The need to obsessively burn calories usually draws people with anorexia to high-impact activities, such as running, dancing .Some people will use any available opportunity to burn calories, such as preferring to stand rather than sit. They may try to make food pass through their body as quickly as possible. For example, by taking:
* medication that helps to empty the bowel
* medication that helps remove fluid from the body
Dahlia may try to do things like eating less and exercise more in order to lose weight, without even realising that she is facing a real risk of even worse anorexia nervosa. Dahlia school works may also get affected and may not be able to perfume well in the activities. She may find herself in difficult condition to concentration, might lose interest in her usual activities. She may have little interest even though they seem busier than usual. Dahlia may strictly control what she eats for example by:-
* strict dieting
* counting the calories in food extremely
* avoiding food they think is rich
* eating only low-calorie food
No matter how weight loss is achieved, anorexia has a number of physical, emotional and behavioural signs and symptoms.
Physical signs and symptoms of anorexia include:
* Extreme weight loss
* Thin appearance
* Abnormal blood counts
Emotional and behavioural characteristics associated with anorexia include:
* Refusal to eat
* Denial of hunger
* Afraid of gaining weight
Medical complications are common in anorexia nervosa. Almost all difficulties are reversible with weight rebuilding related to healthy eating and physical activity. Without treatment, complications continue and can worsen, and can be associated with death. Many people with eating disorder may also have anxiety, depression and obsessive compulsive traits. Research has shown that some patients with anorexia nervosa may respond well to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) after weight is restored. People with anorexia seem to have higher than normal levels of cortisol,...