Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a life threatening disorder that causes severe damage to lungs and digestive system. CF affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices. These secreted fluids are normally thin and slippery but, in CF a defective gene causes the secretions to become thick and sticky. Instead of acting as a lubricant the secretions plug up tubes, ducts and passage ways especially in lungs and pancreas. CF is most common in white people of Northern European ancestry, but also occur in Hispanics, African Americans, and some Native Americans. (Mayo Clinic). More than 70% of patients are diagnosed by age two. The predicted median age of survival for persons with CF is in late 30’s.
Symptoms of CF can be found in many ways, from very salty- tasting skin, persistant coughing at times with phlegm, frequent lung infections, wheezing, or ...view middle of the document...
Doctors triggers sweating on small patch of skin on an arm or leg, he or she rubs skin with sweat-producing chemical and then current. This may cause tingling or warm feeling. Other tests used such as Chest x-rays, lung function test, or a sputum culture. (Cerner 2013)
There is no cure for CF, however treatments may help to prevent respiratory or intestinal infections, it may also help you better absorb food and nutrients such as vitamins. There are many ways and medicines to help treat or prevent infections such as:
* Nutritional Therapy is a special diet high in calories may be advised and extra vitamins may be given, this will also help you gain weight and get proper nutrition.
* Antibiotics- Is a medicine that is given to help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.
* Bronchodilators- You may need bronchodilators to help open air passages in your lungs and help you breath more easily.
* Mucus thinning- Is another medicine you breathe in to help thin the mucus in your respiratory system.
* Anti-Inflammatory- Ibuprofen and steroids may help decrease inflammation in your lungs, steroids may help you breathe more easily.
* Pancreatic enzymes- This medicine helps your digestive system break down food and absorb nutrients properly.
* Oxygen- you may need extra oxygen if you are having difficulty breathing or low in oxygen levels in your blood.
* Surgery if you have severe damage to organs such as your liver or lungs you may need surgery to correct problems, or liver or lung transplant.
Treatments may cause side effects you may have an infection or bleeding with surgery. Even after successful treatments your symptoms may not disappear at once, may continue or come back. If you are left untreated you may get damage to your lungs, liver or pancreas. You may lose weight and get very weak, you have more risk for broken bones, and may have ongoing damage to your lungs or have trouble breathing, bleeding problems, collapsed lung or other lung problems which makes you at higher risk for lung infections, which may lead to more trouble breathing or even death.