“Cyber-crime,” which refers to any criminal activity committed with the aid of or in the arena of the Internet and similar telecommunications, is both a new incarnation of old crimes through a new medium, and a unique entity all its own. It differs from physical crime in four ways. It is easy to commit, requiring minimal resources for great potential damage, being committable in a jurisdiction in which the perpetrator is not physically present, and often, not being entirely clearly illegal. A cyber crime that was committed recently is the “Gozi” virus that infected a million computers including NASA computers and bank computers.
The Gozi virus is also known as a Trojan. It ...view middle of the document...
When a computer is the target of offense, the perpetrator attacks the computer by breaking into it or attacking it from outside. This kind of cyber crime may be the most "professional" in cyber crime categories, because the criminal does programming and makes use of some exploits on computer, who always has pretty strong professional background of computer science.
The strict definition of "computer virus" is a computer program which can reproduce itself and spread from one computer to another. While computer system and data saved in computers are personal property, computer viruses and worms can be used to damage or destroy them. Computer viruses and worms couldn't make the physical property damage, which may be caused by traditional vandalism, they are still regarded as a kind of vandalism, known as "malware". This is how the Gonzi virus got out of control and attacked several computers and became one of the most destructive virus’ in the world.
Preventive measures to defend against the attacks evolved as soon as cyber-criminal
activity was discovered and reported. Federal Government also stepped up to stop cyber-criminal activity and enforced a national crackdown on hackers. In the wake of an increasing number of break-ins to government and corporate computers, Congress passed the ‘Computer Fraud and Abuse Act’ in 1986, which made breaking into computer systems a crime. Also, the ‘Comprehensive Crime Control Act’ passed in the same year gave Secret Service jurisdiction over credit card and computer fraud. These are preventive measures that have been enacted to deter these criminals from acting upon their desire to commit cyber crimes.
There are several ways to help prevent, stop, or catch the act of cyber crime. By educating yourself about the types of scams that exist on the Internet and how to avert them, you are putting yourself one step ahead of the cybercriminals. Read up on the latest phishing scams and learn how to recognize a phishing attempt. Phishing is when hackers attempt to lure you into revealing personal information by pretending to be a legitimate organization or person.
Firewalls monitor traffic between your computer or network and the Internet and serve as a great first line of defense when it comes to keeping intruders out. Make sure to use the firewall that comes with your security software. And if you have a home wireless network, enable the firewall that comes with your router.
When checking your email or chatting over instant messenger (IM), be careful not to click on any links in messages from people you don’t know. The link could take you to a
fake website that asks for your private information, such as user names and passwords, or it could download malware onto your computer. Some viruses replicate and spread through email, so look for information that indicates that the message is legitimate.
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