Cultural Policy In Taiwan Essay

1201 words - 5 pages

Cultural Policy in Taiwan

Taiwan has its own very special government system. On the central government level (relevant to the federal government), there are both president and premier in the system. The National Assembly is the representation of all citizens to the president, and the Legislative Assembly is to the premier who is in charge of the Executive Yuan, the top administrative body of Taiwan. The current National Assembly is in charge of the change of constitution laws, while the Legislative Yuan makes all other laws.

The Council for Cultural Affairs reports directly to the Executive Yuan. It is one of the 17 Councils that are under the governance the Executive Yuan, and ...view middle of the document...

All these above mentioned functions of the Council were conducted with a single Council body and decided by the chairperson and the Board. The Council is also asked to promote Taiwanese/Chinese culture internationally, and set up cultural divisions overseas. Although Taiwan is not a very big place geographically, it does have a large population (about 230 million people). Keeping all these functions in one body is not very keeping all the functions working effectively. As we discussed in class, some of the functions in the Council’s guideline can be separated to be mandates for setting up separate department in a government (of any level), such as heritage preservation, cultural administrative body and a separate granting agency, such as in Canada, on the federal level of arts and culture, there are Department of Canadian Heritage, Ministry of Canadian Heritage, and the a separate arts granting body, the Canada Council for the Arts. The Taiwanese Council for Cultural Affairs is aware of this, so the Council has been promised recently in the most recent national elections that it is going to evolve into the Ministry of Culture under the Executive Yuan, and a separate arts granting agency, National Culture and Arts Foundation, was established in January 1996.

The funding source of the Foundation came from both public budget and private donation. As from the public, upon its establishment, the Foundation was established with the goal of being an arts granting agency that operate with the minimum financial support for the government annually. The objective of the initiation fund is planned to be reached in a ten-year period, to be raised from the private donation and budgets promised from its supervising department, the Council for the Cultural Affairs. The government aimed to gradually withdraw its financial commitment to the Foundation and later the Foundation should mainly operate on the interest payment drawing from its initiation fund and raise more from the private continuously.

The Foundation was established with a fine designed structure. The Foundation has a Board of Directors whose member invited by the nominator from the Executive Yuan. The nominees should be from the government officers, artists and arts professionals, and scholars. The Board member is supposed to be a paid job. The Director of the Board is to be elected by the Board members. The members will be re-selected every three years, with the possible extension of another three-year period once. It is also legislated in the National Culture and Arts Foundation Act that the number of government representatives on the Board cannot be more than one fifth of the total members. The Board of...

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