Cultural Diversity in Criminal Justice
There are many deviance theories that can be apply to the criminal justice system. Theories examine how individuals engage in crime. Deviance is any behavior that does not conform to the normal norms of a society and behavior is unacceptable to culture. Deviance is measured by society’s reaction to the violation of their social order is defined by a culture as deviant. Deviance is a label used to maintain the power, control, and position of a powerful individual or group. People deviate from social norms while some conform because of their raising and social pressures (Hayes, T.A. (2010).
Labeling theory focus on individuals who society has judged ...view middle of the document...
In the lack of the total picture, a stereotype gives into allowing people to fill in the blanks, often innocently that can lead to unfair discrimination and persecution when the stereotype is adverse.
Critique of labeling theories:
– Overly deterministic and denies individual responsibility
– Tend to romanticize offenders
– Fails to account for acts which are universally consider wrong
– Pays inadequate attention to cause of primary deviance
– Implies labels are almost randomly applied
(Sociological Critical Theories and Integrated Theories, (n.d.).
Crime is not defined by race, gender or class. Stereotype can be avoided by the use of rational choice theory. This theory show or thinks that criminal behavior is calculated and trigger the offender’s choice to commit the crime. The rational choice theory finds in order to stop criminal behavior the perspective of the offender must be adapted. One way to stop the criminal behavior according to this theory is to remove the opportunity. This can be done through the use of better enforcement by the police and by putting harsher penalties in place to deter the criminal offender. Society can help by security measures like community neighborhood watch.
When looking at gang and where they may fit into the cultural deviance theory one would have to say that the subcultures of crimes in urban areas where individual came together to band in creating crimes for their own personal gain and satisfaction would be the best place to assess the gangs. Subcultural theories assume that an individual may be a member of a subculture within a larger culture. For example, a gang member commits a crime that is considered normal in his subculture. But, in society at larger, they find the criminal behavior unacceptable and punishable by criminal law. Explanation of the subcultural theories is often linked with the labeling theory. Their basic reason for existing was to develop a means of getting a desired social status or respect that was denied to them by majority culture. Given that it was middle class culture that was effectively denying them a sense of self-worth, it is hardly surprising that such sub-cultural groups should find themselves in opposition to the kind of norms and values perpetuated through the education system (respect for authority, unquestioning...