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Cuestinario Essay

2283 words - 10 pages

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INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO Y DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES DE MONTERREY

ENTORNO ECONÓMICO DE LA EMPRESA

ANÁLISIS CASO HARVARD
THE ORIGINS OF NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING

15 DE MAYO 2011

PROFESORA TITULAR: DR. ALFREDO GONZÁLEZ CAMBERO
PROFESOR TUTOR: ELEUTERIO ENRIQUE MARTÍNEZ ALVARADO



EQUIPO 43

Keelby Tiellery Lascurain A00932129
Jonathan Ortiz Burillo A01311585
María Angélica Vicenttín A00392662
Magda Carolina Acosta Rodríguez A01311606

Pregunta 1
¿Por qué es importante la contabilidad Nacional? Es decir, contar con datos sobre el ingreso nacional: sus fuentes ...view middle of the document...

Sin poder cuantificar el problema como pueden saber que tan mal están y aun mas importante como tomar una decisión.
En ese momento de crisis económica, contaban con una información completamente obsoleta, lo que no permitía trabajar sobre datos reales y actualizados, generando análisis estimados, pero no del todo acertados. De allí la necesidad de contar con datos estadísticos que pudieran revestir los síntomas de la economía nacional, que se vivían ese momento.
La falta de un sistema de medición de cuentas nacionales generó en Estados Unidos y en otras naciones el no prever las consecuencias de la baja en la producción y en general la economía del país por lo que fue inevitable la crisis de esa época por falta de información.
Es importante entender los conceptos básicos de la contabilidad nacional, de allí que se defina como una fuente estadística de información y el sistema de medidas empleado para estimar el ingreso nacional y sus componentes, midiendo el rendimiento total de la economía.
Esta información estadística, se hace en un periódico específico de información, el cual descubre resultados finales, reales y financieros de la actividad económica
Adicional presenta una secuencia de cuentas de flujos relacionados entre sí, tales como cuentas de consumo de bienes y servicios, de producción total, de distribución primaria del ingreso, ingreso nacional disponible y de utilización del ingreso disponible, cuenta de capital y la de transacciones corrientes con el exterior. Incluye cuadros de oferta y demanda, y cuentas de producción por actividad económica.
La importancia de llevar un registro sistemático de los principales hechos económicos de la nación permite cuantificar y mostrar la realidad económica actual del país. Así como poder prever cambios en la situación financiera y económica del país y con esto poder formular nuevas políticas que lo beneficien.
Fuentes de la contabilidad nacional:
Es toda aquella información que se recopila información estadística, para que sea la base del análisis de información financiera en cuento al comportamiento de la económica nacional, para medir el estado general de la economía.
Las fuentes son las herramientas de donde se toma la información, en este caso son información estadística, datos de desempleo, variaciones económicas, análisis de mercados, cruce de impuestos, inversión nacional y extranjera.
Para la contabilidad nacional la fuente más importante son los estados financieros, de las empresas, pues son los que establecen en números como es el estado actual de la empresa, en términos de resultados, flujos de efectivo y capital.
Destinos de la contabilidad nacional:
El destino de la contabilidad nacional, se da través de información de los datos estadísticos, que permitan a los analistas y economistas generar información, comparable y numérica que contribuyan a la toma de decisiones de un país. Proporciona una fuente de información para determinar las relaciones de mercado dentro y entre las...

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