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Cuban History And Government Essay

2192 words - 9 pages

Cuban History and Government
Missing Works Cited

On January 1, 1959, Fidel Castro and his band of rebels overtook the Cuban government. Their Revolution was based on massive agrarian reform and equality throughout. It was not based on Communism or communistic ideals. The US government was against the rise of Castro and his people. They had been able to control the Cuban government by controlling the successive presidents, since the Spanish-American War early in the 20th Century. The rise of Castro was undertaken with a distinct anti-American flavor to it. Castro was able to expand his popularity by fusing the anti-American fever with massive reforms intended to give social and economic ...view middle of the document...

Castro proceeded to nationalize all other US firms in Cuba. [3]

In speeches made in July 1960, Khrushchev applauded the Cuban Revolution by saying it was the best weapon against imperialism, and Eisenhower made note that the "United States would not permit a regime controlled by international communism to established in the Western Hemisphere." [4] Later that month, Khrushchev sent note to Castro that if an armed invasion occurred, they could rely on the full support of the Soviet defenses in the Cuban cause. [5] This marked the first time the Soviet government went out on a limb and said they would defend Cuba militarily speaking. Yet Cuba was not a socialist state in 1960.

During the fall of 1960…after completing the economic stage…of nationalizing US firms…the Cuban government threw itself into the nationalization of private Cuban corporations…Moscow opinion held that the Cuban Revolution was getting dangerously ahead of schedule…It should be pointed out that even though no one, either in Havana or in Moscow, breathed a word of it in the fall of 1960, the transition to socialism was already under way in Cuba. [6]

Cuba’s move toward Communism

In a speech made on April 16, 1961, Castro proclaimed the socialistic nature of the Cuban Revolution, and "according to Raul Castro, this meant that the revolution had completed the national liberation stage and had definitively embarked upon the construction of socialism." [7] In a speech made on December 1, 1961, Castro firmly declared himself a Marxist-Leninist and declared Marxism as the only truly revolutionary theory. [8]

On April 17, 1961, however, the US helped aid a group of Cuban exiles in an attempt to overthrow Castro and the new Revolutionary government. [9] The Bay of Pigs incident was a failure and Castro used the victory to reemphasize his anti-American views. Khrushchev spoke out about the situation as well. He basically told Kennedy that if they started to intervene militarily in Cuba, they would be starting a world affair, by "setting off a chain reaction in all parts of the planet." [10] Khrushchev was making it clear that he intended to stick to a promise he made to Castro regarding the Soviet defense of Cuba.

It should be pointed out that Fidel Castro stated that the Cuban Revolution was socialistic in nature, he was a Marxist-Leninist, and the Soviet Union was a communist state. Communism is a theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property, and the organization of labor for the common advantage of the whole country. Whereas Marxism is a concept of class struggle, which plays a primary role in analyzing Western society in general and in understanding its allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist society and thence to Communism. Marxist-Leninism includes the concept of imperialism as the final form of capitalism and a shift in the focus of struggle from the developed to the...

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