This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Crusades Essay

1070 words - 5 pages

The Crusades were a series of wars by Western European Christians to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims. The Crusades first started in 1096 and ended in the late 13th century. The term Crusade was originally used to describe the European efforts to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims. Europeans later used crusade to designate any military effort against non-Christians.The origins of the Crusades probably began with the death of Charlemagne, king of the Franks, in 814 and the collapse of his empire. Christian Europe was under attack and on the defensive. Magyars, who were nomadic people from Asia, literally rioted and looted eastern and central Europe until the 10th century. Beginning ...view middle of the document...

The First Crusade, which began in 1096, was successful in freeing Jerusalem. It also established a Western Christian military presence in the Near East that lasted for almost 200 years. The Crusaders called this area Outremer, which was French for "beyond the seas." The Crusaders faced many obstacles. They had no obvious or widely accepted leader, no relations with the churchmen who went with them, no definition of the pope's role, and no agreement with the Byzantine emperor on whether they were his allies, servants, rivals, or perhaps enemies. These uncertainties divided the Crusaders into factions that did not always get along well with one another. Different leaders followed different routes to Constantinople, where they were all to meet. As the Crusaders marched east, they were joined by thousand of men and even women, ranging from petty knights and their families, to peasants seeking freedom. They followed local lords or well-known nobles or drifted eastward on their own. They didn't know a lot about the Byzantine Empire or its religion. Few Crusaders understood or had much sympathy for the Eastern Orthodox religion, which did not recognize the pope, used the Greek language rather than Latin, and had very different forms of art and architecture. They knew even less about Islam or Muslim life. For some the First Crusade became an excuse to unleash savage attacks in the name of Christianity on Jewish communities along the Rhine. The original forces of perhaps 25,000 to 30,000 overcame the Muslim states of what are now Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. This happened because the rulers of these states failed to realize the effectiveness of the enemy. The Franks took the key city of Antioch in June of 1098 and then moved on to Jerusalem. The battle at Jerusalem ended in a bloody and destructive Christian victory in July of 1099, in which many of the inhabitants were massacred.The Crusades of the 12th century, through the end of the Third Crusade in 1192, illustrated the tensions and...

Other Papers Like Crusades

Christianity Changes and Continuities Essay

563 words - 3 pages importance of education, and the crusades campaign to regain back holy land differed. The use of conquests and expansion is the everlasting factor to the spread of Christianity. Conquests and reconquest called for conversions of new citizens. However, some people resisted converting because they held tightly onto their inherited traditions. Christianity ensured that they would have a place in society, so they converted. One main successor of

War At The Hands Of A Pope

1603 words - 7 pages wars were fought for religious reasons, the events that occurred during them were hardly religious. The very first crusade began in 1095 (history.com). Over the course of the next 200 years there were eight more major crusades and two minor ones (Trueman). The Christians who first set out to fight for Jerusalem wore red fabric crosses that earned them the name, Crusaders, from the Latin word crux (Trueman). These Christians were told to “take

The Peoples Crusade Week 5 Hum/100

669 words - 3 pages The Crusades HUM/100 November 27th, 1095 was a fervor from Pope Urban II preaching of the crusade. It was the most iconic and influential speech of the Middle Ages. This gave more fuel to the major uprising enthusiasm of the Crusades to Christians in Europe to go to war against Muslims to claim the Holy Land. They cried “Deus vult!” meaning “God wills it!” (1095 Pope Urban II orders first Crusade, n.d.) Urban set the

Review and Asses History

1138 words - 5 pages West to this day. In a sense, regardless of the inevitable class hierarchy, feudalism is a great example of working together, of a fellowship of solidarity serving the foundation of what I consider human nature. Crusades The Crusades began with rising aggression from the Turks at the Eastern edge of Western Europe. The Pope saw the initial venture as an opportunity to increase power and influence, as well as regain Jerusalem for the glory of the

Early Modern Europe – Major Forces for Change

941 words - 4 pages Early Modern Europe – Major Forces for Change There are a lot of events that shaped the history of early Europe. Our ancestors had a lot on their plate when they discovered new lands and fought new diseases. One of the early forces that had a major impact were the crusades. The Crusades were a bunch of religious wars that were called on by the Pope and the Catholic Church in order to defend Christianity against the Muslims and get closer to

Deus Lo Volt

593 words - 3 pages Ryan Mynatt Mrs. Benton ENG 090 Argument Essay Deus Lo Volt For centuries, the cryptic Roman Catholic Church has been the infallible dominion to millions of Christians. This infallibility has rarely been questioned; if one is next to an omnipotent being, who would dare question such authority? The first Crusade is an exceptional topic which was implemented by Pope Urban II. The lay Catholic public believed the Holy Crusades were invoked for

The Middle Ages Clothing

518 words - 3 pages jackets. The peasants (citizens/people) daily wear were: Straw hats they made Linen shirts they made Leather flasks Hoses (pants) And good luck charms or pewter badges The Crusades- Proud knights in the Crusades would march towards forgiveness of their sins, filled with greed. Bloodshed, they believed, was worth it, and to them dying was worth it as well. The Crusades of the middle ages would take out any one that stood in front of

Tells The Story Of Pope Urban And His Speech At The Council Of Clermont

1177 words - 5 pages recover the Holy Sepulcher that became known as The First Crusades (Hill 449). The pope's delivery was very persuasive, and he led thousands of people to join his expedition (Brundage 7). He informed these first crusaders that the only way that they could recover the Holy Sepulcher was to fight the Moslems and other infidels that kept them from it. "Pope Urban II promised no more to his crusaders when he proclaimed at Clermont: 'Empurpled with

Religion and Warfare

1828 words - 8 pages elsewhere. The French Wars of Religion, the Crusades, and the Reconquista are often cited historical examples. While there are certainly wars fought primarily on religious grounds, wars frequently have multiple and complex causes. Saint Augustine is credited as being the first to detail a "Just War" theory within Christianity, whereby war is justifiable on religious grounds. Saint Thomas Aquinas elaborated on these criteria and his writings were used by

Ccot of Middle Ages

913 words - 4 pages six Crusades which were military campaigns that tried to get all of Western Europe to convert to Christianity. As a result, kings became stronger because they made taxes and got land from lords who died in combat without heirs. Later, there was a need for a middle class which became merchants who helped with trading in Europe. In the early stage of the middle ages, the coin system changed to the barter system because of all the chaos

Raoul of Cambrai

972 words - 4 pages Jacob Parker Farmer History 4B Section: 11 Fri Religion and Violence in Raoul of Cambrai and Pope Urban II’s First Crusade Speech Following the birth of the Christianity, violence against heretics, or those who supposedly were a threat to the religion itself, steadily continued until it culminated in the crusades – the first of which was launched by Pope Urban II. In the speech that launched the crusade the broadening of terms used to

Related Essays

The Crusades Essay

1674 words - 7 pages The Crusades were Christian military expeditions undertaken between the 11th and the 14th century to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims. “The word crusade, which is derived from the Latin crux (\"cross\"), is a reference to the biblical restriction that Christians carry their cross.”1 Crusaders wore a red cloth, cross sewn on their tunics to indicate that they had assumed the cross and were soldiers of Christ. What were the

The Crusades Essay

2933 words - 12 pages Thomas Sylvester HIS 101 Professor Lopez 10 April 2007 The Crusades and Early Muslim Relations During the High Middle Ages “a curious mix of God and warfare, two of the chief concerns of the Middle Ages,” clashed to create what is known as The Crusades.1 According to Jackson J. Spielvogel, one of the most important manifestations linked to “the wave of religious enthusiasm that seized Europe in the High Middle Ages was the Crusades

The Crusades, Essay

694 words - 3 pages LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY THE CRUSADES; A HISTORY BY JONATHAN RILEY SMITH A CRITICAL BOOK REVIEW SUBMITTED TO DR. GREGORY TOMLIN IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR CHHI 520 DEPARTMENT OF CHURCH HISTORY BY ????????????????????????? LYNCHBURG, VA 28 NOVEMBER 2008 For a comprehensive political, religious and administrative history of The Crusades, readers need look no further than Jonathan Riley-Smith’s second

"'the Crusades Through Arab Eyes" By Amin Maalouf

1200 words - 5 pages BOOK REPORT / REVIEW:The Crusades Through Arab Eyes; by Amin Maalouf.The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, presents Western readers and students of history with a view of the Crusades that is seldom considered in the West. Eurocentrism is a powerful influence, one that has largely shaped the writing of history that has been accepted (at least tacitly) by much of the world's community of scholars. In this text, however, we are