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Crohn's Disease Essay

1684 words - 7 pages

Crohn’s Disease
Crohn's disease is named after the physician who described the disease in a paper written in 1972. It is also called Morbus Crohn's, Granulomatous enteritis, Regional enteritis, or Terminal ileitis. The disease is usually chronic, with recurrent periods, and also periods of remission. The spread of Crohn s disease into the world is getting worse, and there is still no cure or prevention known to the disease.
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease ,IBD, the general name for diseases that cause inflammation in the intestines. Crohn's disease can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms are similar to other intestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome ...view middle of the document...

Ulcerative Colitis causes inflammation of the inner lining of the colon and rectum, while Crohn's disease is an inflammation that extends into the deeper layers of the intestinal wall. Crohn's disease can also affect the also affect the colon, the regional lymph nodes, and the mesentery, which is the outside covering of the intestines.
The symptoms of Crohn's disease sometimes act like an appendicitis attack. The ileum is usually involved in Crohn's disease, and is located next to the appendix. Some side effects of Crohn s disease include abdominal right-sided tenderness and pain, appetite and weight loss, possible diarrhea, bloody stools, fever, abdominal distention, nausea, vomiting, and a general sick feeling. Crohn's disease also can cause growth retardation in children.
Crohn's disease can also appear as periodic cramps with diarrhea, and may or may not involve the obstruction of the bowel. Poorly digestible fruits and vegetables can plug the already narrowed segment of the intestine and cause an obstruction. Diarrhea may be the result from the obstruction because of poor absorption of nutrients, excessive growth of bacteria in the small bowel, or inflammation of the large intestine. The result of this could be blood in the stools, or rectal bleeding. Hemorrhages from Crohn's disease are rare, but they do occur.
Complications of the disease may occur in areas related to the intestinal disease. Complications may occur in areas not related to the intestines which include the tender, raised, reddish shin nodules; inflammation in the joints, spine, the eyes, the liver, and the bile ducts that drain the liver.
In one-fourth of all reported cases, the symptoms appear only once or twice, and the disease does not come back. If they recur, they will come back every few months or every few years for the rest of your life, with periods of remission. If Crohn's disease continues for years, it will gradually deteriorate the bowel functioning, there will be a risk of poor absorption of nutrients, severe bleeding could cause iron-deficiency, or it could possibly increase your risk of cancer of the intestine.
If you have chronic abdominal pain, with the mentioned symptoms, your doctor will check you for Crohn's disease. This involves a series of tests starting with a blood test for anemia, which could indicate bleeding in the intestines. Another test is called a colonoscopy, which is when a flexible, lighted tube linked to a computer and TV monitor, called an endoscope, is inserted through the anus. Later, the doctor may run upper gastrointestinal series, a small intestinal study, and a barium enema intestinal x-ray to determine the extent of the disease. If you have Crohn's disease your doctor will want to give you regular check-ups to diagnose your condition, and you may be a candidate for surgery. The fact that Crohn s disease often recurs makes it very important for the patient and doctor to consider carefully the benefits and risks of surgery,...

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