The Crittenden Compromise (December 18, 1860) was an unsuccessful proposal by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden to resolve the U.S. secession crisis of 1860â€“1861 by addressing the concerns that led the states in the Deep South of the United States to contemplate secession from the United States.
* 1 Background
* 2 Summary
o 2.1 Amendments to the Constitution
o 2.2 Fugitive Slave Laws
* 3 Footnotes
* 4 See also
The compromise consisted of a preamble, six proposed constitutional amendments and four proposed Congressional resolutions. Both the House of Representatives and the Senate rejected it in 1861. It ...view middle of the document...
The full text of the compromise was introduced on December 18 and printed in the Congressional Globe on the same day. It was tabled on December 31. The proposals were discussed in February 1861 at the peace conference, the final formal effort to avert the start of war.
 Amendments to the Constitution
1. Slavery would be prohibited in all territory of the United States "now held, or hereafter acquired," north of latitude 36 degrees, 30 minutes line. In territory south of this line, slavery was "hereby recognized" and could not be interfered with by Congress. Furthermore, property in slaves was to be "protected by all the departments of the territorial government during its continuance." States would be admitted to the Union from any territory with or without slavery as their constitutions provided.
2. Congress was forbidden to abolish slavery in places under its jurisdiction within a slave state such as a military post.
3. Congress could not abolish slavery in the District of Columbia so long as it existed in the adjoining states of Virginia and Maryland and without the consent of the District's inhabitants. Compensation would be given to owners who refused consent to...