Critiques Of Theorists Essay

614 words - 3 pages

Frederick Winslow Taylor, also known as the father of the Scientific Movement, was born on March 20, 1856 in Germantown Pennsylvania. Before he was able to attend Harvard University, Taylor’s eyesight suffered severely from studying at nighttime that he had to delay his studies. After serving as an apprentice when his vision improved, Winslow began to work the Midvale Steele Company. While at Midvale, Taylor discovered that “production efficiency in a shop or factory could be greatly enhanced by close observation of the individual worker…”, which became the foundation of scientific management. Scientific management “is a field directly concerned with efficiency” and could also be applied to ...view middle of the document...

French threorist Henry Fayol, was born in Instanbul in 1841, began his career as an engineer after graduating from a mining academy and eventually became the manager of a French mining company. Fayol believed in a general set of management principles and disagreed with dividing public and business administration. Fayol divided the managerial role into five functions, planning, organizing, coordinating, commanding and controlling. These functions were compiled into the four management functions presented in Chapter 1 of the Robbins/Judge text, planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Unlike theorist Frederick Taylor who analyzed productivity from the worker’s point of view, Fayol focused “on the upper hierarchal part of the organization” and how their roles and duties influence worker productivity. Fayol’s theories were published in a work titiled, “General and Industrial Management” and he became known as the father of the administrative management theories. Some of Fayol’s...

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