This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Critically Expose The Problem Of Evil

2413 words - 10 pages

EMMANUEL SAGWETE (916)DPL 314 PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGIONFR. A. RUTSVIGA28 OCTOBER 2010Critically expose the problem of evil.Evil is a privation of the good. The problem of evil "arises from the paradox of an omnibenevolent, omnipotent deity's allowing the existence of evil" (Pojman 1987: 151). The Judeo-Christian tradition affirmed that God is omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good. The same tradition also affirmed the existence of evil. The presence of evil, this privation of the good, is taken to be one of the arguments against the existence of God. The presence of evil has presented philosophers since the earliest times of thinkers like Socrates and Plato with a difficult, a problem, of ...view middle of the document...

God who is all powerful is said to be the one who created the universe and all that is therein. He created ex-nihilo, that is, from nothing everything came to be. Since evil is something in the world it would necessarily follow that God is the author of evil. Even if evil is taken to be the absence of some perfection in a being God again will be held responsible for he is the one who created whatever being will be considered with those imperfections that make it evil. Thus if God willed to prevent evil, he could have created a world of perfect beings. However, metaphysically speaking every being is good. This would mean that no being is evil. If this is the case then evil is a non-being. Whether evil is understood as some being or not, it is a fact no one can deny that it is there in the world. Various thinkers have given different solutions to explain the how evil exists and for Christian thinkers when there is a God who is all powerful, all knowing, good and loving.Some philosophers have denied the positive existence of evil. For this group of philosophers evil is a non-entity. As Pseudo-Dionysius argued evil does not to exist positively and if it were something positive it would have some substantial being and be traced back to God as its cause since all beings come from God. However since in God goodness and being are one, it therefore means that whatever comes from God is good. Absence of being thus amounts to evil because it means the absence of good. Taking this to be so, it would follow that God did not create evil since evil is not a thing in the world. Following Pseudo-Dionysius' argument it would thus follow that evil is a non-entity, an absence of good. Some argue further in denying evil as something in the world that the words good and evil have whatever meaning each individual can give them. Each person calls good what he likes and evil what he hates. If this is so, then as Plotinus argued evil in its own way occupies a place in the hierarchy of perfection and is thus in some way a good though of less perfection but it is only those who hate it who call it an evil. Thus what one person calls an evil act may not be so to the one who likes it. In denying the positive existence of evil, Aquinas argued that that God who is the creator of all things in the world is good and loving. According to Aquinas even though God is omnipotent, he cannot perform a contradiction of creating evil. Evil is as a result of man who wills evil acts though not as ends in themselves but as means to ends perceived as good.Even though there are some who deny the positive existence of evil, they however do agree that evil exists. Evil as a privation of the good can be understood in two senses, that is, it can be in the physical or natural sense and the moral sense. Thus evil is classified in two classes and these are moral evil and physical or natural evil. Physical evil is a defect or the privation of perfection in a being marring it in its natural integrity...

Other Papers Like Critically Expose The Problem Of Evil

Problem Of Evil Essay

1963 words - 8 pages One well known philosophical dilemma, that causes much of humanity significant grief and frustration towards religious beliefs, is the problem of evil. John Hick explains in his essay, “The Problem of Evil”, that this ‘crisis’ so to speak is based on three characteristics that Christians claim God has. Christians believe that God has infinite knowledge, power and love. The question that is then raised is: Why is life on earth filled with vast

Problem of Evil Essay

1181 words - 5 pages The Problem of Evil-Iraneus and St Augustine The biggest question people have about God, is ‘Why is there evil in the world?’ Many people, find it very difficult to understand why God, who is supposedly all powerful and benevolent, could allow such atrocities in our world. Indeed for this reason, find it very difficult to believe in him. Cancer, and people being murdered every day, could easily be stopped by him, if he is all powerful, but they

The Problems with the Problem of Evil Argument

1491 words - 6 pages Hawkins, Kevin 12/5/12 The Problems with the Problem of Evil The purpose of this essay will be to evaluate the argument against the existence of God based on the evidences provided in the atheistic standpoint of the problem of evil in the world. This is a very common argument and is in no way unique to those who firmly believe that there is no God. I have met many people in and out of Christianity and other faiths who have expressed

The Problem Of Evil: Free Will Vs. Faith

519 words - 3 pages The Problem of Evil: Free Will vs. Faith Sheri Rinker Walden University 23-Mar-16 The Problem of Evil: Free Will vs. Faith "I don't understand why people believe in God when there is so much pain and suffering in the world." This is a statement often heard and often contemplated. We will look at the notion of the meaning of this statement and postulate from the Free Will View. This view states that evil and suffering are the results of

The Problem of Evil (~1100 Words)(Not Great Writing)

1186 words - 5 pages “All the evil in the World shows that an all-good, all-knowing, all-powerful God does not exist” Epicuris is associated with one example of a formulation of the problem of evil, it is usually schematized as follows If an all-powerful and perfectly good god exists, then evil does not. There is evil in the world. Therefore, an all-powerful and perfectly good god does not exist. Various philosophers have expanded upon this to create

A Study of: John Hick’s “the Problem of Evil” and Arthur C. Clarke’s “the Star”

1452 words - 6 pages Fall Term (2008) Essay Assignment A Study Of: John Hick’s “The Problem of Evil” and Arthur C. Clarke’s “The Star” Audrey Scott 4272258 PHIL1F91 Andrew T. Seminar 10 The Problem of Evil as outlined as John Hick is that “if God is perfectly loving, he must wish to abolish evil; and if he is all-powerful, he must be able to abolish evil. But evil exists; therefore God cannot be both omnipotent and perfectly loving” (Hick, 1963). In this

The Garden of Evil

656 words - 3 pages Stephen Moore 3-24-2010 The Garden of Evil In the short, “How to tell a True War Story” from The Things they Carried (1990), author Tim O’Brien list of several ways that a reader or listener can tell if a war story is true. His insight suggests that, “you can tell a true war story if it embarrasses you”. He say’s if you send a man to war, he’ll come back talking dirty as evidenced by the letter that Rat sent to Lemon’s

Statemet of the Problem

5455 words - 22 pages STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The main intention of this study is to determine The Impact of Using Audio Visual Presentation in Storytelling to Attention Span of Kinder 2 a South Crest School S.Y 2014-2015 1. What is the demographic profile of selected respondent in terms of 1.1 Age 1.2 Gender 1.3 Economic Status 2.How many student does have : 2.1 1-5 minutes of attention 2.2 6-10 minutes of attention

Explain and Critically Evaluate the Concept of “Freedom of Navigation”

2711 words - 11 pages Topic: Explain and critically evaluate the concept of “freedom of navigation” Prepared by: Nadir Gürpınar Table of Content: 1. INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................4 2. HISTORICAL ORIGIN OF THE FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION................................4 3. THE CONCEPT OF FREEDOM OF

Critically Evaluate the Theory of Mind Hypothesis of Autism

1957 words - 8 pages Critically evaluate the theory of mind hypothesis of autism Childhood Autism is a rare and severe developmental disorder that affects about 4 in every 10,000 children (Baron-Cohen, Leslie & Frith, 1985). Autism affects how an individual communicates, socialises and even how they make sense of the world around them. Many theories have tried to explain what causes autism in an attempt to achieve greater understanding of the disorder and

Critically Analyse the Effectiveness of Leadership in the Nhs

1014 words - 5 pages HS 3001 LEADERSHIP AND CHANGE Critically analyse the effectiveness of leadership in the NHS Summary This essay will discuss and critically analyse the effectiveness of leadership role of senior nurses in the NHS. The essay will examine the definition of leadership, different theories of leaderships and how it can be implicated to nursing practice including changes that should be made to make nursing leaders more effective in NHS health

Related Essays

The Problem Of Evil Essay

925 words - 4 pages Name: Leah Drumheller_____________ Writing Style Used: ____________MLA________________ Course and Section Number: ______THEO 202 B22 LUO________ Hamartiology: The Problem of Evil (Theodicy) An age-old question that has been and is being asked from various religions, cultures, and socioeconomic backgrounds is how can a loving and good God allow evil to come into the world? It is a problem that has come up

Hamartiology: The Problem Of Evil (Theodicy)

708 words - 3 pages Short Essay #1 Hamartiology: The Problem of Evil (Theodicy) The problem with evil is that it is hard to believe that in a world created by a God that is supposed to be an all loving all power full God then why would he allow evil to be in the world. Why would he allow for killings and cancer and natural disasters? Evil is a byproduct of free will, because we are free to choose between doing the right thing, that equates to good, and

Problem Of Evil Essay

1443 words - 6 pages What is the “Problem of Evil”? What is the difference, if there is a difference, between so-called “moral evil” and “natural evil”? How exactly does John Hick, in his essay “Problem of Evil”, solve the problem of both “Moral evil” and “natural evil”? Do you think that either or both, of Hick’s solutions is really able to solve what appears to be a unique problem of evil in Arthur C. Clarke’s short story, “The Star”? Unhappiness, as a whole

Problem Of Evil Essay

995 words - 4 pages Bobby Rappach Mr. Klockner Problem of Evil The Problem of Evil I feel that the problem of evil isn’t evil itself but people and their applications of evil in the world. When thinking of evil the first thing that comes to mind is sin and the devil and it should be normal to do so. Satan was the first to sin and it became a legacy that every human tends to do and some more than others. Satan may have directly disobeyed God with the intention