The concept of critical thinking explains a process that involves utilising various interrelated skills to integrate, analyse and carefully evaluate what peoples read and hear from some sources. Therefore, critical thinking requires a determination of whether we should accept, reject or suspend judgement regarding a claim to acting in a certain way (Massey, 2015).This essay analyses steps to critical thinking, how emotions affect decisions making and critical thinking in professional and societal responsibilities.
Critical thinking include knowledge, comprehension, application, synthesis and evaluation. In critical thinking, knowledge includes the most fundamental level of information. In this step, the individual identifies what the source of the knowledge says, the topic and issue.
The next step is comprehension. The step involves having a ...view middle of the document...
Synthesis is critical because it provides the required understanding of the main ideas and issues contained to form an original idea. The final process is an evaluation that involves the appraisal of what the individuals have involved. The step is vital in making a decision on whether to agree or disagree with of the ideas.
Elffers & Nagin (2015) says that emotions have the overall effect in how individuals form the final determination. Emotions can negatively skew our thinking ability by narrowing the available solution to a problem. For instance, emotions make individuals feel a sense of being trapped in a situation. Secondly, emotions limit the personal capacity to control themselves. For example, they can define the different reactions to particular problems. Thirdly, emotions force individuals to make quick decisions that defy any logic. These decisions are very dangerous.
Critical Thinking is essential for both professional and societal responsibilities. For example in business, thinking can be of great help in solving various solutions to a problem and for eventual success. In a social environment, individuals are put in a position to solve a problem by applying critical thinking. For example, sociologists can use critical thinking to solve a social problem like suicide and others.
Critical thinking is necessary for individual life as it provides answers to personal and societal problems. The five steps involved in critical thinking are essential for understanding the source of knowledge and in making the final decision. Skills acquired in the process of critical thinking help individual in professional and societal roles. Emotions are influential in decision-making and affect the individual capacity to make a definitive decision regarding a situation.
Elffers, H., & Nagin, D. (2015). Anticipated Emotions and immediate effect in criminal decision making: From shame to anger.
Massey, D. D. (2015). Reading History: Moving from Memorizing Facts to Critical Thinking. In Improving Reading Comprehension of Middle and High School Students (pp. 19-47). Springer International Publishing.