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Criminology Essay

1000 words - 4 pages

Criminology

AIU Online CRJS105
March 25, 2016

In today’s society there is a general lack of understanding to the field of criminology. There is a lack of understanding to what a criminalist does and how it differs from what a criminologist does. There is a common misconception to how the public views the differences between crime. The public may not realize that there are national databases that the FBI has that offers statistical information of state and national crimes. Furthermore, the media plays a large role in the misconception of the severity and frequency of crimes, choosing to sensationalize those which they feel will bring in more views.
Criminalists have an important ...view middle of the document...

Criminologists study the “who, what, when, where and why” of criminal behavior and crime using statistical analyses to identify criminal behavior. Another focus is to understand society's perception of the various criminal acts, the sentences imposed and ways to prevent the crimes. In the public sector they may be employed by the FBI, US Department of Homeland Security, state and local police, and public universities. In the public sector I feel that working at the federal level would give great opportunities to really explore the depths of criminal behaviors and give access to some of the most notorious criminals known to date. In the private sector they may work for private security companies or banks, private correctional institutions, and private universities. (Driscoll, 2013) Within the private sector again I feel teaching would be the most advantageous opportunity for this field of work, as it allows for sharing the knowledge with others and lending to the creation of future criminologists.
There are many different types of crimes. These crimes are categorized into two different groups. One group being Blue-collar crime which is crimes that are generally committed by those from a lower social class and involving injury to person or property. Blue-collar crimes consist of armed robbery, murder and other violent crimes, sexual assault, burglary and theft, breaking and entering, drug abuse, and domestic violence. (Blue-Collar Crime Law & Legal Definition, n.d.) Blue-collar crimes are the type of crimes that most people may be familiar with from possibly witnessing within their local community. The other being White-collar crime which is usually non-violent and committed in commercial situations for financial gain. White-collar crimes consist of financial fraud, mail computer &internet fraud, counterfeiting, public corruption, money laundering, tax evasion, embezzlement, credit card fraud, healthcare fraud, investment schemes, extortion, racketeering, and welfare fraud. (Harbeck, 2015) Most people may recognize a White-collar crime from the type of sensationalism it receives from media...

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