Criminal Justice System Explained
Our book clarifies that crime is defined as “conduct in violation of the criminal laws of the state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legal acceptable justification or excuse” (Schmalleger, 2011). There is really no clear definition on what crime is in today’s criminal law. It is an unlawful act, and has many faces. It can be violent when we are talking about murder; it can be non-violent, when we identify it as white-collar crime. Overall, crime is always harmful. It harms the society and the people that live within the society directly or indirectly.
To determine which acts are crimes, one must look into the ...view middle of the document...
The legislature, the judiciary and the executive, all three branches of the government, work together to handle and prevent crime. Within the United States, there is no definite criminal justice system, more individual systems managing the criminal justice process in each area of jurisdiction. City, county, State, federal or tribal government or military installation determines the jurisdiction. Within these different jurisdictions’, the laws differentiate as well as the process.
The basics on the process are though always the same: Report, investigation, arrest or Citation followed by prosecution and pretrial, trial, and post trial with sentencing. This is also known as the administration of justice (Schmalleger, 2011).
The book talks about two goals of the criminal justice system. The first one is the need to enforce the law and to maintain public order where the second one is the need to protect individuals from or rights. Emphasize of the crime-control model is in fact, efficient arrest and conviction of criminals. This must be achieved with perspective to the due process model. Intend here is to stress individual rights to ensure that guilty people are convicted of crimes. This includes a suspect’s rights during handling and questioning. (Schmalleger, 2011)
Overall, our criminal justice system sounds like a well-oiled...