CJA/204 - Introduction to Criminal Justice
July 20, 2015
Criminal Justice System
Criminal justice is a system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts (Wikipedia 2015). The criminal justice system makes up a set of independent agencies that is establish by the government. The justice system divides into three categories: federal, state, military, and local government. The Justice system designed to enforce laws and punish those who violate the law by committing a crime. Crime known for an action that is consider as an offense ...view middle of the document...
The executive branch give power to the president, governors and mayor on any criminal justice matter. This branch enforces the law or executes offenders. The Executive branch is the part of the government that has its authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state (Wikipedia 2015).
The police, courts, and corrections are the components of the criminal justice system. The police maintain order of the crime in the society and enforce the law. When a crime has been committed, the police investigate the scene and issued a search warrant if need. Next, an offender is then taking into custody for interrogation for more information. Once the police have enough evidence to prove that a law was broking, the police then make an arrest and place the offender in incarceration. The court will then take the case to trail for the judge and jury to determine if the offender is indeed a violator of a crime. Finally, corrections will take place to determine if the offender punishment will be probation, parole, house arrest or prison time. The reason why crimes are been committed relates to the classical theory and the biological theory. The classical theory describe someone committing a crime because they feel that they have the free will. An offender will commit a crime because he or she feels that they will not punish for the crime. The biological theory describe someone committing a crime because they have criminal tendencies. Sometimes illness, mental issues, or bad childhood can cause someone to have criminal tendencies.
Goals that are establish for the criminal justice system are deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, retribution and restoration. The system goals was establish for the criminal justice system to keep the society safe from harm....