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Criminal Justice System Essay

1230 words - 5 pages

Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System
Crime is defined in different ways by different sources. I will show two different sources that define crime but ultimately they mean the same thing just worded differently. The definition of crime in The Merriam-Webster dictionary is defined as an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law; especially :  a gross violation of law. Crime defined in the criminal justice field is defined as conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or local jurisdiction for which there is no legally ...view middle of the document...

The first branch I will speak about is the legislature branch. The legislatures for federal and state government are the ones that define crimes. They also are the ones that provide the funding to the criminal justice agencies when needed. The judiciary branch is the ones whom make the judgments on the individuals whom were charged with a crime. The judiciary branch of the government also reviews the legislative decisions and make sure that they fall into each respective law and ultimately follow the Constitution of the United States. The last branch is the executive branch. The executive branch is made up of the President of the United States, the governors of their respected states, and the mayors of their respected cities. They all have the executive power to appoint numerous positions like judges, police chiefs, heads of certain agencies, and directors of the department of corrections.
The rational choice theory is when the individual acts in his or her own interest not worrying about the law and feels that their interest is more important than the actual punishment. Another theory is the Social disorganization theory. This theory is based on the belief that a person’s behavior and the choices he makes is caused by the environment that he lives in. So if the neighborhood that he lives in is a predominantly poor neighborhood and he were to be a criminal or break the law, the justification in this theory is because of the environment he lives in.
The criminal justice system is made up of three components; Police, Courts, Corrections. All three components have to work together to make the criminal justice fair. The first place it starts at is with the Police. The Police side is set up to maintain law and order. They are given the tasks to prevent crime and if crime exist at the moment then to main law. The Police also have many other jobs to complete within their organization as well. Once the Police have made an arrest and charged them with a crime, the next step would be the court system. In the courts the judges or jurors hear the charges that they were brought upon and decide if they feel the evidence is sufficient enough to convict the person that was charged. The States Attorneys or Prosecutors have the task of representing the state and trying to show enough evidence and to convince the judge or jurors that the charge is correct and they meet the burden of proof. The corrections side has many different factions to include the Correctional Officers, Probation Officers, Bailiffs, and Parole officers. If the individual is actually convicted through the court...

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