Criminal Justice System Pg 1
Criminal Justice System
James J. Bradbury
University of Phoenix
The United States Criminal Justice System has many different components and sub-components, from law enforcement officials to lawyers and judges to the correctional institutions. In this paper I will be defining what each component is responsible for and how it is processed. As this pertains to the health and welfare of the country I will also be explaining how the criminal justice system pertains to the government.
The first branch of the system that we will be looking at is law enforcement which includes your police, sheriffs, security guards, and other agencies out there that are ...view middle of the document...
Made up of prosecutors, defenders, and judges plus other stakeholders…each one is responsible for a certain role in how crime is handled after it is committed. The prosecuting office is responsible for presenting evidence linked to the crime with regard to the individual(s) who are suspected. The prosecution is active in almost all aspects of the events from pre-trial, during trial, and disposition if there is one. The defense in these cases must also be presented with the evidence given to the prosecution and vice versa, while it is a defenders job to ultimately prove that the suspected individual did not commit the crime, they may or may not opt for a plea bargain depending on the severity of the crime. The official appointed over the case, judge or magistrate, is the deciding factor, along with a jury of the individuals peers if necessary. The judge at the pre-trial hears the severity of the crimes, brief background on the individual, and any other circumstances related to this individual that may affect the next step in the matter. During the trial the judge must hear all evidence presented by the prosecutor and defense, determine probable cause for trial, or dismiss the case. Historically, most cases that go to trial result in a conviction. When speaking of the court system in relation to the government the judicial branch is what closely resembles the court system in criminal justice because they are charged with interpreting the laws, ruling on lawsuits, and granting probation.