Criminal Justice System
Jean H. Blanc
According to Shae Irving, the word “criminal” is describe as “the society’s belief that certain act are unacceptable and that any perpetrator should be punish” [ (Irving, 2008) ]. Enter the American Criminal Justice System. This paper will give a brief description of the Criminal Justice System and its purpose, and describe the key component of this system. It will also discuss the purpose and function of each component and their main responsibilities.
Criminal Justice System
Definition and goal. As described by author Frank Schmalleger, the criminal justice system is “the aggregate of all operating ...view middle of the document...
Law enforcement. The primary role of law enforcement is to enforce the law by preventing and reducing crime. Law enforcement officers operate in the community to prevent and control crime. When a crime is committed, they are the first amongst the three components of the criminal justice system to make assessment. Together with prosecutors, they will gather evidence during a criminal investigation, filter out weak cases and keep strong cases to obtain conviction in the courts [ (Daly, 2012) ]. According to Professor Daly, their responsibilities include: “Investigate crime, prevent crime, arrest and detain suspect, maintain public order, control traffic, and respond to criminal and noncriminal emergency” [ (Daly, 2012) ]. Authors E Richards, K. Rathbun, C. Brito, and A. Luna wrote: “Depending on the threat, law enforcement’s role may include enforcing public order (e.g., quarantines or travel restriction), securing the perimeter or contaminated areas, securing health care facilities, controlling crowd, investigating scene of suspected biological terrorism, and protecting national stockpiles of vaccine and other medicine)” [ (Richards, Rathbun, Sole Brito, & Luna, 2006) ]. Dr Schmalleger (2011) added that aside of all the above roles, Law Enforcement is responsible to protect the fundamental rights of freedom of individual.
The courts. The courts are the tribunal where the accused come to have their criminal responsibilities determined by juries or a judge. The primary purpose of the courts as discuss by E. Elizabeth, Ada County public defender is to “ensure fairness to individuals while attempting to ascertain the truth of the matter asserted” [ (Estess, 2013) ]. According to Professor Daly (2012), The responsibilities of the court include detention or not in pre-trial period, protect the right of the defendant, preside over the trial and plea process, decide on guilt, sentence the defendant, hear appeal against conviction and sentence, provide public arena so that justice can be seen to be done. Dr Schmalleger (2011) added that the courts also have for responsibilities to provide check on the exercise of power by other justice system agencies.
Correctional Agencies. Correctional agencies are all those in correction and they include prison, probation, jail,...