The Correctional Client |
CRMJ 220-01MWF 10:00-10:50am |
Alicia Marie |
In this research paper I will talk about chapter 6. In chapter 6 of my correction process book it talks about the Criminal Client. In this research paper you will understand how the criminal justice system operates as a large selection process to determine who ends up in the corrections system. You will also describe some of the main similarities among and differences between the general population and people who end up under correctional authority. I will identify different types of offenders in the corrections system and the kinds of problems they pose for ...view middle of the document...
This has to do with the selection process that determines who gets charged, prosecuted, and convicted. The process leading to conviction might suggest that becoming a correctional client is quite difficult. It shows the criminal justice system as a filtering process because it operates as a large offender selection bureaucracy. At each stage, some defendants are sent on the next stage while others are either released or processed under changed conditions. There are about 1,000 serious crimes, 500 of them are not reported and 500 are reported. Out of the 500 that are reported only 100 people are arrested and the other 400 crimes are unsolved. For the prosecution job, out of the 100 people that were arrested only 35 of them go to juvenile court and the other 65 are adults considered for prosecution. Out of the 35 that went to juvenile court 30 of them was put on probation or the case was dismissed. Out of the 65 adults that was considered for prosecution only 35 of those cases was accepted for prosecution and 5 of them jumped bail. For the courts job, out of the 35 cases that was accepted for prosecution 30 of them goes to trial and 3 are acquitted. 23 of the 30 cases pleaded guilty and 4 were found guilty, so all 27 of the cases were sentenced and 9 of the 27 were placed on probation. For the corrections part, the 35 juveniles that went to court 5 of them were incarcerated and from the 27 adults that was sentenced 18 of them were incarcerated. This is the criminal justice as a filtering process. Decisions at each point in the system results in some cases being dropped while others passed on to the next point. (Criminal Justice Statistics, 1999)
In today’s society there are many different types of offenders and each offender have their problems. Every offender is assigned to corrections is unique; no two are exactly alike. Whether situational offender or career criminal or elderly offender, some individuals fit into a group nicely while others are more difficult to place; certainly, all individuals within a group will vary in some respects.
One type of offender is the situational offender. A situational offender is the person entering the corrections system and having committed what appears to be a one-time offense. In an study done by Martin Haskell and Lewis Yablonsky, they described this type of offender as one who (1) confronted a problem requiring action, (2) took action that violated the criminal law, (3) was caught and given the status of criminal, and (4) until the time of the offense, was committed to the normative system of our society and was indistinguishable from other people (Haskell & Yablonsky, 1974). The situational offender presents many problems for corrections. The crime a situational offender usually commits is a serious, violent crime, and offender usually knew the victim well. In 2012, there was a big case that was on every news channel in the world. 23 year old Casey Anthony was charged with the murder of her 2 year...