Criminal act is when any behaviour breaks the law.
Some people may argue that crime only occurs when someone intends to break the law.
Other people say that its when crime is intended and causes harm to people or their property.
Criminal behaviour also depends on time and culture.
The problems of official crime is:
* statistics count the number of criminal acts rather than the number of criminals. So they make a mistake by counting one crime that might be committed by a group of criminals.
* some people may not report the crime.
* some people may not be aware that they are the victim of the crime.
Crime as an act against the law would make most people as a criminal as every adult breaks the law at some point in their lives. ...view middle of the document...
Criminal personality attitudes that make a person different from normal. The biological Genes have an affect on the brain development also known as brain dysfunction. The areas that the brain gets damaged are:
* Pre-frontal cortex. For criminals this area is not very active. It is the part of the brain where humans are conditioned to form fear and anti social behaviour.
* Limbic System. This area of the brain controls the aggressive part which is increased in criminals.
* Corpus callosum. the rational part of the brain communicates with the irrational part. Murderers have this part of their brain inactive so communication between the two hemispheres are week.
* Temporal lobe. This controls: language, learning, emotions and memory.
The gene can also affect the appearance as well as the behaviour.
* There cannot be one criminal gene that accounts for all criminal behaviour.
* Brain dysfunction is only evident in some criminals and this may not be genetic. it could be caused by problems in birth, pregnancy, illness or injury. it does not exactly predict what causes criminal behaviour.
* There is no support for criminal features, society may be prejudice and this also cannot be genetic.
* It clearly ignores the influence of social environment on criminal behaviour. Children can learn and influence from their parents.
Alternative Theory: Social learning theory
The social learning theory states that we learn most behaviours by observing and copying others. individuals imitate their role models, these are people we admire, respect and want to be like.
people are more likely to imitate when they see something rewarding.
Core Study: Mednick et al