Crime Statistics Are Unrealiable For Criminologists

1666 words - 7 pages

Crime Statistics are unreliable and not useful for criminologists
Throughout criminology there is a great debate about the reliability and usefulness of crime statistics. I will attempt to look at the realist view which states that they provide an accurate reflection of the extent of crime and the constructionist view which sees crime statistics as a clear objective for crime as it is socially constructed. Social factors such as policing discretion, laws changing and whether or not crimes will be reported have a huge influence on crime statistic. Therefore to understand if crime statistics are reliable and useful for criminologists we need to understand the relation between social factors ...view middle of the document...

’ Another reason why victimisation surveys are seen as more reliable is because it gives a higher quality of data in relation to domestic crimes that police reports may not include, because victims of these crimes may be too scared or embarrassed to come forward and report the crime to the police. Walby et al highlights the 2001 British Crime Survey which included a detailed self-completion questionnaire which gave the most accurate estimates of the extent and nature of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking for England and Wales. The big reason why victimisation survey is seen to be more reliable and useful than official police records is because it is from a victims point of view , crimes that may have happened but were not reported or recorded by the police are included within the survey. Therefore according to these criminologists crime surveys would be more reliable and useful for criminologists to use rather than crime statistics as there may be crime that was committed but not recorded to the police. Nevertheless, the reliability of statistics on offending remains questionable. There are myths within society that deal with the crime problem as well as corporate interests which drive political activities, which in turn work to mould public perceptions. These are completed by the media who tend to sensationalize street crime, for instance, in order to attract the readership (Chambliss , 2001; Reiner, 1997; Slapper & Tombs, 1999). Realist criminologists believe they paint an accurate picture of the different crimes that are more often committed. Although the reliability of the crime statistics are still under scrutiny because in almost all cases of a crime the focus of the survey is on the crime experienced by the household or an individual which leaves gaps in the statistics given for corporate or state crime, they also arguably define ‘victim’, ‘criminal’ and ‘crime’ in limited terms and highlight ‘conventional’ crime over others
( Carrabine et al 2004). One criticism of the victimisation surveys are that they are assessed on the victims household such as vandalism or theft (Dodd et al., 2004), which leaves a gap for homeless offenders or victims who, will not be represented within the survey figures leading to this then be reflected in the dark figure or crime. Due to the fact that victimisation surveys are sent to households and not collected personally by researchers there is the problem of people not understanding what may be categorized as a crime such as a mobile phone theft or they may also lie in their response exaggerating or lying on their experiences of crime. This then leads to an unrepresentive figure of those crimes and those who have been victimized (Hale et al 2005) . The view of constructionist sociologists is therefore supported with this argument because crime statistics would be unreliable and useless.

Criminologists generate their own data in the course of their research using crime statistics....

Other Papers Like Crime Statistics Are Unrealiable for Criminologists

Discuss How The Interaction Of Class, Gender, Race And Age Affects Criminal Opportunities

312 words - 2 pages 1. Discuss How the Interaction of Class, Gender, Race and Age Affects Criminal Opportunities Many criminologists have looked for the answers on the effects of crime with only a few who agree on common grounds on why some choose to commit crimes and others choose to defy it even though there are given opportunities. Criminologists have found four sociological variables class, gender, race, and age are now viewed as a direct contributor to

Melchisedeck Essay

1615 words - 7 pages background, socio-economic status, mental health, and other factors that are likely to lead to certain types of criminal activity. Their knowledge helps them to work directly with people, such as in counseling or therapy environments, who may be considered a high risk for causing crime. Criminologists offer the ability to analyze these demographics and trends to help create public awareness and to develop crime prevention programs. Criminologists

Ucr vs. Ncvs

904 words - 4 pages agency's crime counts, monthly reports are compared with previous submissions of the agency and with those for similar agencies.This report also includes detailed data on crimes cleared, persons arrested for a wide range of crimes, law enforcement personnel, and the characteristics of homicides such as age, sex, race of victims, and circumstances surrounding the homicides. The UCR presents crime counts for the Nation as a whole, as well as for

Crime Data Comparison

875 words - 4 pages numerous issues such as budget decisions, integration of new laws, and staffing decisions. The public also looks to this report for information pertaining to fluctuation in crime. Others, such as criminologists, municipal planners, legislators, media, and sociologists use the statistics for planning and research. Although these reports are never going to be a 100% accurate due to the amount of underreported crime throughout the United States, they

Using Material from Item B and Elsewhere, Assess Sociological Explanations of Ethnic Differences Both in Offending and in Victimisation. (21 Marks)

833 words - 4 pages According to official statistics, there are significant ethnic differences in the likelihood of being involved in the criminal justice system. Specifically, black people are over-represented in the system. In this essay I will talk about the reasons for these differences. One of the reasons for the differences in crime statistics is put forward but left realists Lea and Young (1993), they argue that the statistics do, in fact, reflect real

Personal Criminological Theory

1098 words - 5 pages . * Many variables are considered when criminologists have to determine the cause of a person committing crime. Extensive research goes into determining the environments that people are around, what influences them in society and how suspects as well as victims are affected by these acts. Assumptions Assumptions explain both the connections between early, intermediate and long term outcomes and the expectations about how and why proposed

Criminology

569 words - 3 pages Criminology is the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior. Like any other –ology there is ethical issues and concerns. Psychology has ethical concerns on some studies due to the factor of research subjects being lied to about what they are participating in or the harming of animals for research. With psychology certain ethical standard committees have been created to help deter the unethical behavior. In criminology the ethical

Test Paper

1120 words - 5 pages have risen exponentially across the years and continents, so the police forces, crime-prevention agencies and legislators of the governments charged with halting these crimes have had to evolve into larger and more complex organizations also. For instance, amongst myriad forms of organized crime that developed in the twentieth century, one pertinent recent example is the efflorescence of high-tech and internet crime, where professional and

Criminology

1000 words - 4 pages institutions, and private universities. (Driscoll, 2013) Within the private sector again I feel teaching would be the most advantageous opportunity for this field of work, as it allows for sharing the knowledge with others and lending to the creation of future criminologists. There are many different types of crimes. These crimes are categorized into two different groups. One group being Blue-collar crime which is crimes that are generally

Cjs Final Paper

2072 words - 9 pages as essential weapons in its crime prevention arsenal. The department’s official spokesman also points out that the city’s minority neighborhoods are the biggest beneficiaries of the drop in serious crimes. (The Center for Constitutional Rights has filed a pending lawsuit to stop the NYPD from profiling and harassing Blacks and Hispanics in the city.) The author proceeds to explore the possible lessons of the New York experience for crime

Crime Is the Result of Individual Behaviour, Rather Than the Product of a Socialisation Process”

2412 words - 10 pages links the individual to crime. Today, a number of criminologists continue to support physiological explanations, even though, historically, many of theories linked to physiology have been disproved. Anne Moir and David Jessel are two such theorists who have proposed a link between biology and crime. They have suggested that a low IQ (which can be inherited) leads to impulsive behaviour, which may in turn lead a person to be more likely to commit

Related Essays

Criminology In Pakistan Essay

2130 words - 9 pages this impression is true, and if true what are the reasons for this lopsided approach on the part of the criminologists and finally what new trends are emerging in this connection. Before moving on to analyze the situation let us have a look at various categories of crime committed by the powerless on the one hand and the powerful on the other. Burglary, theft, robbery, homicide, wounding, extortion, assault, rape, buggery and intimidation

Re: Week 6 Discussion Essay

1362 words - 6 pages , corrections, and statistics for the social sciences and business (Inglish, 2014). Some students also take social work courses that deal with the criminal system and prisons. Criminologists also need classes in writing, computer science, and logic (Inglish, 2014). Advanced degrees are required for individuals who will teach or conduct professional research. These advanced degrees are also required in order to climb the ladder professionally in the

Managerial Economis Essay

818 words - 4 pages of the respondents during the study indicated that there are misconceptions on the reason for supporting the death penalty. Politicians support this form of punishment to appear tough on crime while an overwhelming seventy-five percent of the respondent believe it is a diversion from the real solution to social issues. The respondents were positive that adding the number of executions carried out annually or speeding the process would have little

Death Penalty Essay

912 words - 4 pages death penalty is a deterrent against crimes. Statistics show that the crime rate is reduced in all states that hold the death penalty. The point given to these people is that they are less likely to commit a crime knowing they will receive the ultimate punishment to kill. "No other punishment deters men so effectively from committing crimes as the punishment of death". CONS Today, one of the most debated issues in the criminal justice system is