Criminal behaviour should be considered a matter of individual rather than social responsibility. Discuss
Criminal behaviour is one of the negative aspects of the human society and it affects the whole world. Its causes are innumerable, from lack of jobs to lack of education to poor family upbringing and genetic predisposition. Criminal behaviour is any behaviour that has a criminal intent, or results in punishment by law enforcement of some type.
This essay intends to show with evidence from research that criminal behaviour is a matter of social responsibility more than individual responsibility.
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It is the view of Aichhorn (1925) that if a parent doesn’t develop competently the superego of the child, the id may become the personality force. Later the youth may demand immediate gratification and may lack sensitivity and compassion for others, thereby acting aggressively and impetuously. As a result, criminal behaviour may become an outlet for violent and antisocial feelings.
Studies have shown that psychoanalytic and therapeutic interventions have very low rate of success. However, the views of psychoanalysts like Freud, Aichhorn, have been supported by some research that shows that serious and violent offenders suffer personality disturbance.
According to John F. Kennedy (1961), “Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource.”
With the words of J.F. Kennedy, we deduce that education is fundamental in the life of people. In fact with more education people earn more, and are more satisfied with their work and less likely to be criminals. Children on the other hand, do better if in the family education is valued. It also has to be noted that in poor countries education is poorer than in rich countries. This obviously reflects in the behaviour of the people. Education is reason not commit a crime, because its aim is to educate the youth on how to live and progress in what they are doing.
Also the environment is significant because disadvantaged children, for example, who have received high-quality childhood training, are less likely to need remedial education, and also less likely to become involved in crime.
From an existing data, one of the causes of crime and criminal behaviour is due to society’s inequality, and the problem of lack of jobs can be traced to this.
As Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) points out that “poverty is the parent of crime and revolution”, ergo there are many motivations to link poverty to criminal behaviour. Poverty is due to many factors, from lack of jobs to social inequalities. One research...