Cracóvia Essay

2356 words - 10 pages

A localização entre Rússia e Alemanha converteu-se na Polónia, um país muito disputado ao longo da história. Depois de desagregar-se do bloco comunista, em 1989, o país experimentou um rápido crescimento. Os monumentos das suas cidades, Cracóvia e Varsóvia, testemunham o belo passado do país, mas Polónia é célebre pelas suas virtudes, em particular pela generosidade das suas gentes e a excelência do seu vodka. Polónia é um dos países maiores da Europa central, e a sua capital Varsóvia, é a base ideal para visitar outras cidades do país, devido à sua central localização. Cracóvia, a antiga capital do reino de Gdansk, é o tesouro do país, o seu património e história são únicos na ...view middle of the document...

00-15.30, 4ª e 6ª: 10.00-18.00).
3. Em Rynek Glówny está a pequena igreja de São Adalberto, lugar de importantes descobrimentos arqueológicos; que junto com a torre solitária da antiga Câmara Municipal, derrubado no século XIX; formam o Museu Histórico de Cracóvia (2ª-Domingo 10.30-18.00).
4. As esbeltas torres de Santa Maria são um dos emblemas da cidade. No seu interior alberga o magnífico retábulo do maestro Nuremberg, Vit Stvosz, que atrai todos os dias milhares de turistas. Quase todas as casas e palácios que rodeiam a praça da catedral são monumentos históricos que têm centenas de anos. No centro está o monumento ao poeta polaco Adam Michiewicz.

5. Os lugares de maior interesse de Stare Miasto situam-se no que se denomina o Caminho Real, que parte desde a Barbakan (Cidade) e termina no Castelo de Wawel. A entrada ao casco velho realiza-se pela Porta Florian ou Brama Florianska, do século XIV, situada no único fragmento bem conservado da poderosa muralha defensiva. O caminho passa por vários museus e importantes igrejas.
6. Na Colina de Wawel assentam-se dois importantes edificações na história polaca: o Castelo Real e a Catedral. O Castelo (2ª a Domingo 6.00-20.00) foi residência da Coroa entre os séculos XI e XVI, até que o rei Segismundo III Vasa trasladou a capital para Varsóvia. Além dos bonitos jardins que rodeiam o complexo, o interior do Castelo alberga interessantes exposições. A atracção mais curiosa é a Cova do Dragão: uma larga caverna donde se acreditava que era habitada por um feroz Dragão. Tem 270m de longitude, 81 dos quais estão abertos ao público.
7. A Catedral (2ª a Sábado: 9.00-16.00, Domingo: 12.15-16.00) data do século XIV e durante quatro séculos foi o lugar onde se coroava e enterrava os reis polacos, como pode comprovar-se nas tumbas reais. O edifício apresenta uma mistura de vários estilos, produto da sua larga construção, que se prolongou uns 400 anos. A Capela de Segismundo, com a sua cúpula de ouro (1536), é considerada o exemplo mais formoso do Renascimento polaco.
8. Kazimierz: Desde alguns anos, a rota turística por Cracóvia também passa pelo bairro que no seu auge era uma cidade à parte na qual viviam os judeus polacos. A pegada do antigo gueto fica reflectida nos restos do muro que o rodeava, as suas estreitas ruelas, os cemitérios, as sinagogas e a decoração de negócios e bares que recorda tempos passados.
9. O extermínio judieu perpetrado pelos nazis despoletou Kazimierz, que caiu na ruína durante décadas, até que foi recuperado e restaurado pelos descendentes das vítimas. Steven Spielberg rodou aqui o famoso filme A Lista de Schindler. Em ul Lopowa 4 encontra-se a fábrica de Schindler, detrás das linhas de comboio da estação Zablocie. O centro é marcado por Plac Nowy, que aos Domingos acolhe o mercado. No seu redor há bares e cafés que sempre estão cheios de gente. A Antiga Sinagoga (Szeroka 24) é o edifício judeu mais antigo do país e alberga o Museu Judeu (2ª: 10.00-14.00, 3ª a Domingo:...

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