Counselling Theory Person Centred Approach Essay

3043 words - 13 pages

Person-Centred Approach

Between 1940 and the early 1950s the Person-Centred Approach was developed by Carl Rogers, who was
notably a co-founder of the humanistic psychology movement, along with Abraham Maslow and Rollo May. Each
of the co-founders contributed greatly to the movement, inspiring and educating future psychologists and
counselling therapists in their approaches and studies that were in addition to the pre-defined theories made in
earlier years, by people such as Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) with the theory of Psychoanalysis. Somewhat
small changes made by Rogers had major impacts on the success of the Person-Centred Approach, things such
as calling people ...view middle of the document...

He attended the University of Wisconsin to study Agriculture,
however he never pursued further training or a career in this field. Leaving University, Rogers joined the Christian
Ministry and moved to New York City, however he became disenchanted with the stern principals of the Ministry
and took an educational tangent that led him to study psychology, at Columbia University.
Following his studies, Rogers worked as a psychologist for twelve years with the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Children. After a while of feeling discontented with mainstream psychology, Rogers began to foster his
own theories and treatment of clients as whole beings, giving them non-judgemental attention, respect and
understanding; this was a departure from the recognised psychology approach, being predominantly the testing
and treating of clients issues – psychologists reviewing the observable behaviours and conditioning change to
reverse or stop such behaviours.
The use of his sound recordings of counselling sessions and published full transcripts from Rogers, completely
changed the study of counselling and psychotherapy. Originally described as non-directive this type of therapy
highlighted the client as the expert in their own self rather than the therapist, as the therapy evolved so did its
name, Client-Centred therapy was established, later taking on the name of Person-Centred Approach.
Individuals have within themselves vast resources for self-understanding and for
altering their self-concepts, basic attitudes and self-directed behaviour; these
resources can be tapped if a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes
can be provided. [Carl Rogers, A Way of Being, 1980, p115]

The philosophical foundations of Person-Centred counselling lies with the phenomenological approach to
respecting the person’s individual experience as their personal reality. The way in which a person experiences
life, how they react to their experiences and understanding how it makes them feel; the recognition that our
unique experience is our reality.
The person is to be considered in a holistic regard, reviewing the person as a whole rather than just specific
behaviours. Also, Person-Centred Approach is client led, refuting that the therapist knows better than the client in
what they are experiencing and how it makes them feel. Allowing the client to take the lead is reliant on the
environment and platform provided, this can be achieved by having what Rogers outlined in 1957 as the six
conditions in place. These conditions are;

The helper and the client are in psychological contact.
The client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable or anxious.
The helper, is congruent and genuine.
The helper experiences unconditional positive regard (UPR) for the client.
The helper experiences empathy.
The client received and experiences the empathy, UPR and genuineness of the helper.

Also, with these conditions...

Other Papers Like Counselling Theory Person-Centred Approach

Aproaches to Counselling Essay

3260 words - 14 pages ] Psychologist Dr Carl Rogers developed an approach to counselling which is now known as person centred counselling. He strongly believed that people are essentially trustworthy, have positive inner qualities and the potential for understanding themselves in order to resolve their own problems, issues and dilemmas. Consequently, the helper (counsellor) did not need to directly intervene or provide solution as the other person (client) has the ability to do

Evaluate the Claim That Person-Centred Therapy Offers the Therapist All That He/She Will Need to Treat Clients

3660 words - 15 pages the Person-Centred approach in counselling and psychotherapy. The first being the quality of the therapist and the tools they bring to the healing process. The therapist focusses on the skills of empathy, unconditional positive regard and congruence. Empathy is the ability to understand the point of view, or experiencing, of another without the loss of a separate sense of self and reality. In other words this means, to connect with another on a

Kazi Fulani

3527 words - 15 pages Introduction 3 Key Figures 4 Basic Assumptions and Key Concepts 7 Therapy – goals, clinical relationship and techniques 10 Conclusion 14 Appendix A – References 16 Introduction This essay will present and contrast the workings of the three major theories of counselling psychology mainly – psychodynamic, cognitive behavioural and person-centred. First I will describe what psychology is

Gestalt Therapy vs. Person-Centered Therapy

2187 words - 9 pages opposes to psychodynamic therapy that often focuses on past events. Although Gestalt and Person centred are different in regards to techniques they both are similar in promoting freedom to choose the natural experience of the client. However, although these two counselling approach some similarities there are also many differences between them. For example, in person- centred therapy the therapist utilises a non-directive approach that allows

An Evaluation of Counselling Skills

1015 words - 5 pages are used within a framework which works in relation to the code of ethics, these are there to protect the client [Ed. D Langdridge. 2008]. This framework is different in each approach to counselling. In the person-centred approach a large part of the framework is the ‘core conditions’ Empathy ‘the ability to receive and resonate the clients expressed feelings’ (The Barrett-Lennard, 1981 Model cited in McLeod, 2008) is one of these conditions

What Is Person Centred Therapy?

554 words - 3 pages What is Personal- Centred Therapy? (PCT)-Person centred therapy is also known as person-centred psychotherapy, person-centred counselling, client-centred therapy and Rogerian psychotherapy. PCT was developed by Carl Rogers in the 1940`s and 1950`s. It is a humanistic approach that deals with the ways in which a perceives themselves consciously rather than how a counsellor can interpret their unconscious thoughts or ideas. The main

Analysis Of Basic Concepts Of Carl Rogers’ Client – Centred Therapy

5279 words - 22 pages ............................................................................................................................. .............16 2 INTRODUCTION Stanton and Butman asserts that “no theory of counselling and psychotherapy more fully manifests the humanistic spirit in c ontemporary psychology than person-centred therapy, and perhaps no single individual better embodied its essence than its founder, Carl Rogers. ”1 Carl Rogers was raised in belief that human nature is not only corrupt, but is

Compare and Contrast Person-Centred and Psycodynamic Approaches to Councelling

726 words - 3 pages psychodynamic counselling means to me , then I will compare the two then I will contrast the two, I will go on to explain the different types of relationships the counsellor and the client have and I will finishes of by summarizing what I have written. The person-centred approach was developed by psychologist Dr Carl Rogers (1902-1987) who proposed new humanistic ideas for counselling.* In my view person-centred counselling is that the

Abc Unit 3 Counselling Theory Assignment

5714 words - 23 pages ABC Diploma in the Theory and Practice of Counselling (Therapeutic Work) Level 4 June 2008 Unit 3: Counselling Theory Word Count: 3298 UNIT 3: Counselling Theory Assignment Critically evaluate the practical use of the person-centred approach and its limitations as suggested by its critics. How does the person-centred approach differ from other models of therapy, for example psychodynamic and

Ethics in Counselling & Psychotherapy

2633 words - 11 pages accredited by them have regular Supervision from a qualified Supervisor McLeod (2009). Ethics, contracts and boundaries will be the main focus of any Counsellor, as they would ultimately feel responsible for their client’s welfare. In any Supervision relationship where the person-centred approach is used, the relationship can be theorised as a parallel process to the client therapy relationship; where the counsellor becomes aware of the processes

Counselling in a Diverse Society

3847 words - 16 pages journey into my own way of working with clients. I feel that I have come to the end with much more clarity than when I began. Studying on the Diploma In counselling have given me ,what I believe to be a very solid foundation in the person centred approach, I have been able through personal, peer and tutor assessment of my skills, move towards working effectively and ethically with clients focusing on the empowerment and growth of the client

Related Essays

Systematic Approach To Care Through Effective Person Centred Care Planning

1698 words - 7 pages Systematic Approach to Care through Effective Person-Centred Care Planning. The NHS places a strong emphasis on delivering person-centred care to patients. Patient-centred planning was adopted as national government policy in 2001 via the “Valuing People” paper and more recently as part of the “Valuing People Now” document (DOH,2009). Person-centred planning is now promoted as a key method in delivering the personalisation objectives of the

Compare And Contrast How The Psychodynamic And Person Centred Approaches To Counselling Understand The Person, And How These Two Approaches Explain Psychological Distress Experienced By Individuals....

1437 words - 6 pages person to develop in a more positive way. Word count 1002 References: Freud,S.(1909/1979) “Themes and issues in the Psychodynamic approach to counselling” in McLeod, j. (2008) D171 Introduction to counselling,pp90-130, Milton Keynes, The Open University. Rogers.(1961) “Theory and practise of the person-centred approach” in McLeod, j. (2008) D171 Introduction to counselling,pp170-206, Milton Keynes, The Open University. Malan, D(1979

Critically Evaluate Some Aspects Of Peron Centered Ciunselling

2627 words - 11 pages relationship clearer and more understandable. However, if a counsellor is in-congruent, the client is likely to become confused, and will lack confidence in the relationship as being a safe place in which he/she can explore their real feelings and experiences. I will now move on to look at the criticisms of the person centred approach. The theory of person centred counselling suggests that any client, no matter what the problem, can improve

Counselling Theories Essay

4641 words - 19 pages dominant, I feel that at this early stage of my counselling career I believe my underlying philosophy will be that of the theories within the person centred approach for example by the offering the core conditions of Unconditional positive regard, Empathy and Congruence, and along side the theory that the relationship is an important factor. By having this as my core I hope to be able to actively help my clients by offering the core conditions, but