Counseling Theories Essay

2468 words - 10 pages

Counseling Theories

Jessica A. Williams

Salem College

Counseling Theories

Counseling theories exist so that counselors and therapists have a means with which to better help and understand their clients. Counseling "theories help organize and provide guidelines for the prevention and intervention efforts of counselors and therapists" (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011). It is important for the counselor to know the advantages and disadvantages of the theories that they are using where they can use it flexibly and discriminatingly (Shoben, 1962). Some of the theories are similar and build off each other while others have very little in common. An examination of person-centered theory, ...view middle of the document...

In order for person-centered therapy to be effective, the client must understand that the client is a person with feelings, too. The client may share personal feelings and experiences with the client (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011).
Because each person is different, person-centered therapists cannot use the same intervention or technique with each client, the techniques and interventions are as unique as each client is. Rogers did not think that techniques and interventions were important during therapy sessions. Person-centered therapists avoid “doing counseling” and encourage the client to find his or her own method of healing (Glauser and Bozarth, 2001). The intervention strategies implemented by person-centered therapists include being genuine, actively listening, reflecting content and feeling, immediacy, self-disclosure, and personalized actions (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011). These methods maintain focus on the client and the client’s motivation and direction to promote healing.
The strengths involved in person-centered therapy are extensive and include multicultural considerations as well the ability to counsel whole groups. Because person-centered therapists seek to be empathic with their clients, they can understand the views of people with different backgrounds and form a more trusting relationship with them (Glauser and Bozarth, 2001). Person-centered therapy is also frequently used in group counseling sessions sometimes involving families (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011).
Person-centered therapy has several weaknesses that make it difficult to incorporate in counseling sessions. Primarily, this type of therapy can take long amounts of time to complete. Due to time constraints set forth by insurance companies and government agencies, it is difficult to use this type of therapy on clients who require many sessions (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011). Another weakness in person-centered therapy is that these types of therapists do not diagnose illnesses or diseases. Again, with the demands of insurance companies and government agencies, problems can arise when there is no label to the problem a client is claiming to have (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011). Another weakness is that a counselor using person-centered theory may have a false sense of security during therapy sessions because it seems to be so simple since there are no techniques to remember and it appears to only involve listening and reflecting (Capuzzi & Gross, 2011).
Gestalt theory was made known by Fritz Perls, and later carried on by his wife, Laura Perls, and an acquaintance, Paul Goodman. Like person-centered theory, gestalt theory is focused on the client’s phenomenological perspective also (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011). It also uses principles from psychoanalytic theories and focuses on improving the client’s awareness or subjective experience (Capuzzi and Gross, 2011). Gestalt theory is holistic and seeks to examine the whole person and not just the parts that make up the person...

Other Papers Like Counseling Theories

Supervision Essay

804 words - 4 pages . Supervisors of mental health professionals train, mentor, teach, encourage and challenge counselors who are new to the field (Young & Bashman, 2010). They are individuals that have been counseling for a while, who take time out to guide and assist people that are new to field (Young & Bashman, 2010). There are many roles and responsibility that a supervisor has and a number of theories that they may incorporate into their personal doctrine. The

Effective Biblical Counseling Essay

3034 words - 13 pages capable Counselors” By Dr. Larry Crabb I. Introduction Christian Counselors should always be looking for assistance with the development of higher levels of competency by examining the content, comprehensiveness, and validity of a variety of counseling theories developed by prominent Christian counselors.[1] Ron Hawkins teaches that “Christian counselor help people to see their problems and then see how to get of problems

Personal Theory of Counseling

1250 words - 5 pages Personal Theory of Counseling & Therapy Misty Reinecke Walden University When dealing with counseling theories there are many combinations and theories to contend with, but only a few things that are written in stone. One of those things is the belief from the counselor that anyone who presents him or herself can be changed from their old or negative behavior, to new and more positive behavior. The theory in which the counselor

Extended Goal Statement

1055 words - 5 pages in School Guidance Counseling, it would be both challenging and a commitment until the end. I am somewhat nervous about this new journey that I am about to partake; however, I am ready to accept the challenge and make the commitment. I am a newly licensed teacher and there will be areas and terminology which I am not familiar. But, what I have found out thus far is that a teacher and a student counselor have quite a few things in common. They

Personal Theory Paper

4396 words - 18 pages never be achieved. Life was a hurricane of madness and at the center of that storm was the Father waiting for me to give Him my whole heart. The purpose of this paper is to show through those who have been studied, the textbooks that have been read and my own opinions; the counseling methods and theories I have developed from life experiences, six years of sobriety and a maturing walk with Christ. Table of Contents Abstract

Annotated Bibliography

546 words - 3 pages given. Graham, M. A., Sauerheber, J. D., & Britzman, M. J. (2013, April) Choice Theory and Family Counseling A Pragmatic, Culturally Sensitive Approach. The Family Journal, 21(2), 230-234. Choice theory and reality therapy is used during counseling sessions but not used as much in family therapy. Choice theory is not looked at as a systemic approach but utilizing reality therapy leads to second-order change for couple and families

Harry Potter

5318 words - 22 pages Journal of Counseling Psychology Vol. 5, No. 3, 1958 The Place of Values in Counseling and Psychotherapy1 C. H. Patterson University of Illinois fact, ethics might be considered as an expression of a group's values, an attempt to represent or express them in a systematized form. This is no doubt why Sutich (28) became involved in values in his discussion of ethics. Bixler and Seeman (3) state that "ethics are principles of action based

Mbti Unit 3 Project Sc300

1466 words - 6 pages development, career and personal counseling, teambuilding and improving general communication. Work Cited C.G. Jung’s Theory of Types. (2012). Personality Pathways. (n.d.). Exploring Personality Type & Its Applications. Personality Synopsis. (2003). Chapter 5: Psychodynamic and Neo-Freudian Theories

Counseling Approach to Lisa

960 words - 4 pages Counseling Approach To Lisa Janelle Wheatley CNED 401 The Pennsylvania State University Abstract This paper will be focusing on Lisa, a Mexican American woman who suffers from a drug and alcohol addiction. I will be talking about Lisa’s family background and her current situation as well. I will pick a counseling theory and briefly describe this theory in detail. I will then apply this theory to Lisa and her situation. The last thing that

Case Conceptualization

4137 words - 17 pages theories. Such understanding should lead to the formulation of counseling goals and intervention strategies. In this paper we will conceptualize the client's case from one theoretical orientation at a time. The content of the conceptualization of the same case will differ according to the various theories depending on the aspect of human experiencing that each theory emphasizes. In general, however, the case conceptualization process (as with

Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (Rebt)

1253 words - 6 pages Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT): Week 3 Assignment Lamar University Individual Counseling Theories CNDV 5311 Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy Rational Emotive Behavioral (REBT) theory was developed by Albert Ellis in the 1950’s. It is the first of the cognitive therapies and is considered a comprehensive theory of human behavior. The premise of REBT is that people contribute to their own psychological problems based on

Related Essays

Counseling Theories Essay

2570 words - 11 pages  Counseling Theory and Practice as it Relates to my Personal View of Counseling Laura M. Stella CNL 6010-90 March 26th, 2014 Dr. Eileen Self Wright State University Counseling Theory and Practice as it Relates to my Personal View of Counseling My personal view of counseling aligns best with the behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy theories. I believe that there are many situations in

Biblical Counseling: Compare And Contrast Secular Counseling Theories

1230 words - 5 pages , when started within 3 months of the event, is more effective than supportive counseling for adults with ASD; supportive counseling is more effective than no treatment at all.3 Exposure-based therapy reduces subsequent PTSD symptoms in adults with ASD more than cognitive restructuring.2 Exposurebased CBT attempts to decrease unrealistic anxiety by challenging anxiety-provoking thoughts, situations, activities, and people that are not

Diversity Issues In Career Counseling Essay

787 words - 4 pages : Theoretical Applications of the Systems Theory Framework. The Career Development Quarterly, 53(3), 208-222. Capuzzi, D., Gross, D. (2003). Theories of Psychotherapy taken from: Counseling and Psychotherapy: Therapies and Intervention, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Kluckhohn, F.R. & Strodtbeck, F.L. (1961). Variations in Value Orientations. Evanston, Ill.: Row, Peterson. Sue, D. W., Arredondo, P., & McDavis, R. J. (1992

Eclectic Therapeutic Approach To Counseling: Developing Personal Style Of Counseling

4459 words - 18 pages counseling theorists have proposed different theories of counseling and they are all good approaches in their individual ways. However, I believe that no single theory is comprehensive enough to deal with the complexities of human behavior when the range of client types and their specific problems are taken into consideration. In view of this, I have developed my own approach to counseling by making an effort to look beyond the individual theories and