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Coronary Heart Disease Essay

1182 words - 5 pages

Coronary Heat Disease
Health 11
LATTC
11/20/10

Coronary Heart Disease, chronic illness in which the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply oxygen-carrying blood to the heart, become narrowed and unable to carry a normal amount of blood. Most often, the coronary arteries become narrowed because of atherosclerosis, a process in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inside wall of an artery (see Arteriosclerosis). Plaque is made of oily molecules known as cholesterol, fibrous proteins, calcium deposits, tiny blood cells known as platelets, and debris from dead cells. Plaque formation often begins in adolescence and progresses very slowly over the course of decades. ...view middle of the document...

• About 4 % of sudden cardiac death go unexplained. After all, results from postmortem indicate normal heart functioning before death.
• A new study conducted by American and British scientists highlights the fact that many young women are dying due to heart disease.
• In the UK about 101,000 deaths occur due to coronary heart disease.
• By 2010 heart disease will affect the lives of 40 million Americans of the age 65 years and above.
• Nearly 28% of adult Americans have two or more heart disease risk factors. It is up by 24 % since 1991.
When it comes to the pros and cons associated with coronary artery disease, there are not many medical benefits associated with the disease, but there are risks and benefits associated with treatment and they are as follows:
Pros of Angioplasty:
Angioplasty is very useful in removing the blockage from the arteries. It is one of the most effective method in heart treatments. Following are some of the pros of angioplasty:
• It removes or reduces the blockage from the arteries.
• It helps in improving symptoms of coronary heart diseases such as shortness of breadth and angina.
• Reduces the risk of heart attack.
• In some patients it even reduces the risk of death.
• Angioplasty is better than open heart surgeries.
• Stents used after the balloon process keeps the arteries open and prevents regrowth of plaque.
• Carelessness in atherosclerosis can also result in heart or brain hemorrhage
.
Cons of Angioplasty:
When talked about the cons of angioplasty only 5-6% people face complications and less than 1% people die because of it. But regardless of its pros, following are some of the angioplasty risks.
• Bruising and Bleeding at the place of catheters insertion place.
• Some people are allergic to the dyes given during the angioplasty.
• People above 75 years are more at risk than the other age group.
• People who suffer from diabetes, extensive heart disease, blood blot in the heart arteries are also under the danger zone.
• It can damage the nearby blood vessel or heart valve.
Pros of Angioplasty:
Angioplasty is very useful in removing the blockage from the arteries. It is one of the most effective method in heart treatments. Following are some of the pros of angioplasty:
• It removes or reduces the blockage from the arteries.
• It helps in improving symptoms of coronary heart diseases such as shortness of breadth and angina.
• Reduces the risk of heart attack.
• In some patients it even reduces the risk of death.
• Angioplasty is better than open heart surgeries.
• Stents used after the balloon process keeps the arteries open and...

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