This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Congenital Heart Disease Essay

537 words - 3 pages

Congenital heart defects are cardiac abnormalities present at birth. Approximately 8 out of every 1,000 infants are born with congenital heart disease. Some defects are mild and may not even be apparent during infancy or childhood. Others are life threatening and require surgery during infancy. The care of infants and children with congenital heart disease has been a monumental success.
With the advent of sophisticated diagnostic imaging, advanced medical therapy, catheter-based interventional procedures, and innovative surgery, over 90% of infants born with a congenital heart defect now survive well into adulthood.
The success of caring for infants and children with congenital heart disease has created new challenges. The unique anatomy, physiology, hemodynamics, and surgical procedures are unfamiliar to most physicians who care for adult patients. The nomenclature alone can be ...view middle of the document...

In many cases the long-term sequelae following surgical or interventional catheter based repair are well recognized. In other cases the long-term sequelae are not yet characterized. Long-term follow-up studies will be needed to define the natural history after repair of both simple and complex defects. An awareness of associated defects is essential. For example, ascending aortic aneurysms are often associated with bicuspid aortic valves.
Given the complexity of caring for adult patients with repaired or unrepaired congenital heart defects, specialized programs for this purpose have evolved throughout the world including here, at the University of Vermont College of Medicine and Fletcher Allen Health Care. The Adult Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension Program at the University of Vermont College of Medicine and Fletcher Allen Health Care is committed to providing state-of-the-art and comprehensive care for adults with repaired or unrepaired congenital heart defects.
Some of the defects encountered in patients followed in our program include:
• Atrial septal defect (ASD)
• Sinus venosus defect
• Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
• Partial and complete atrioventricular canal defects
• Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
• Bicuspid aortic valve
• Pulmonary stenosis and regurgitation
• Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve
• Coarctation of the aorta
• Tetralogy of Fallot
• Congenitally corrected and complete transpositon of the great arteries
• Persistent truncus arteriosus
• Tricuspid and/or pulmonary atresia
• Anomalous pulmonary venous connection
• Eisenmenger syndrome
In addition to the management of ongoing problems, a major focus is long-term preventive care including consultation regarding bacterial endocarditis, pregnancy, exercise and genetic risk to children. A full range of imaging techniques are available, including CVMRI, to facilitate diagnosis and management.

University cardiology Associates

Other Papers Like Congenital Heart Disease

Heart Transplant Essay

551 words - 3 pages disease (about 42% of cases) Complex forms of Congenital heart defects (8%) Re-Transplantation (about 3%) Irreparably damaged heart valves (2%) Absolute & Relative Contraindications At present, the only absolute contraindications for Heart Transplant appear to be: • Presence of irreversible end-organ diseases • Presence of severe pulmonary hypertension • Presence of a recent intracranial cerebrovascular event with significant

A&P Case History Essay

300 words - 2 pages amphetamines and a crush injury such as from an auto accident, fall, or building collapse. Two internal causes are: Extreme muscle strain, especially in someone who is an untrained athlete and also blocked blood vessels can cause this along with diseases of the muscles (myopathy) such as congenital muscle enzyme deficiency or Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Rhabdomyolysis is treatable and patients may recover quickly if the disease is caught in


1844 words - 8 pages : host or the "who" is an organism harboring the disease; and environment or the "where" are those factors that cause or allow disease transmission. In RSV transmission, the agent is RSV. RSV is the leading cause of lower respiratory infection in infants and young children (host). Infants who have congenital abnormalities of the airway, neuromuscular disease, congenital heart disease, and infants who were born premature have a higher risk of

Physical Disabilities

5468 words - 22 pages .( that might cause osteoarthritis include: Being overweight, age, joint injury, Stresses on the joints from certain jobs and playing sports.( NHS Choices)Cardiac conditions Or Cardiovascular disease is a general term that describes a disease of the heart or blood vessels.Blood flow to the heart can be reduced as the result of a blood clot, or by a build-up of fatty deposits inside an artery that cause the artery to harden and

Pelvic Bleeding

913 words - 4 pages maternal, fetal and possibly paternal or genetic. Maternal causes General • Age. • Obesity. • Acute febrile illness. • Septicaemia with infection of the fetus. • Severe hypertension or renal disease. • Diabetes. • Hypothyroidism. • Trauma. • A surgical operation. • Emotional shock, perhaps more in folklore than actuality. Drugs like ergot, quinine and lead may be taken to induce abortion. They are not very effective and the risk of

Ryan Lane

814 words - 4 pages Ryan Lane Ryan Thomas Lane was born on November 23, 1987 to parents William and Jill Lane. Ryan was born deaf and when he was only 2 weeks old he was diagnosed with congenital nerve deafness. Congenital nerve deafness is a defect on the auditory nerve in the cochlea which may be present at birth or acquired during or soon after birth. Usually both inner ears are effected to the same extent. In Ryan’s case congenital nerve deafness was either

Rule 51 Paper

1017 words - 5 pages Defined as a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The category includes children with impairments caused by: Birth defects (congenital anomaly) Disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis) Other causes include cerebral palsy, amputations and fractures or burns that cause contractures Other Health Impairment Is a “umbrella term: that encompasses a variety of conditions. These can

Neural Tube Defects Case Study

2205 words - 9 pages Case Study 16: Preventing Neural Tube Defects in Chile Abstract Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the second most common congenital malformation to congenital heart disease and affected 400 babies in Chile annually before a fortification legislation was passed to use fortified flour with folic acid. This fortification reduced spina bifida by 51% and anencephaly by 46% (Levine, 2007). Team One will share answers to questions about this


1810 words - 8 pages with Down syndrome kids to identify their kid's medical problems and get the necessary treatment as early as possible. Individuals with Down syndrome have a higher risk for many of these conditions such as congenital heart disease, leukemia, Thyroid disorders, Gastrointestinal, Infertility, developing epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, Eye disorders and other complications. The medical consequences of the extra genetic material in Down syndrome are

Lime Disease

1016 words - 5 pages Lime Disease      Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, which is a tick-borne spirochete. The dangers of this disease became more publicised in 1977, where a geographic grouping of children in Lyme, Conneticut were thought to have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis1. Soon after, it was discovered that lyme disease was an illness that mainly affects the skin, nervous system, heart, and joints. The borrelia

Cardiovascular Diseases

2076 words - 9 pages CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an abnormal functioning of the heart or blood vessels. Heart disease (HD) is a general term for a variety of heart conditions. The most common form of HD is coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease (CAD) because it involves the coronary arteries. Other types of CVD include hypertension, congestive heart failure, stroke, congenital cardiovascular defects, hardening

Related Essays

Requiring Newborn Screening Of Critical Congenital Heart Disease

1777 words - 8 pages Requiring Newborn Screening of Critical Congenital Heart Disease Date With the numerous technological advances that have occurred in today’s health care system, one would think newborn screening would be required in Maryland for the most common birth defect in the United States, critical congenital heart disease (CCHD), but only just this year has the state considered the requirement (Department of Legislative Services, Office of

Cardiovascular Disease Essay

404 words - 2 pages overweight and smoking. Some other causes of heart disease are high blood pressure, congenital heart defects, excessive alcohol consumption, drug abuse and even stress. There is a laundry list of symptoms associated with Cardiovascular Disease. Chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, dizziness, syncope, and fatigue are symptoms that almost every type of cardiovascular disease has in in common. Symptoms like swelling of the extremeties or

Nutrition Heart Disease Outline

815 words - 4 pages various diseases that fall under the umbrella of heart disease include diseases of your blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems; heart infections; and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects). 2. Heart disease symptoms vary, depending on what type of heart disease you have. II. What causes Heart Disease? A. Risk Factors of Heart Disease 1. Age: Simply getting older

Fertility, Morbidity, And Mortality Essay

966 words - 4 pages . Some defects, such as cleft lip or palate, can be easily fixed or treated. Other congenital defects may need life-long treatment to manage such as Down syndrome and heart defects. The most severe congenital defects prove fatal and lead to infant death. In 2006, 5,571 infants died as a result of congenital defects (Centers for Disease Control 2006). There are several factors that have contributed to the differences in neonatal and pre-natal