Concurrent engineering as defined by Broughton is “an attempt to optimize the design of the product and manufacturing process to achieve reduced lead times and improved quality and cost by the integration of design and manufacturing activities and by maximizing parallelism in working practices’’. Another definition by Winner et al is “Concurrent engineering is a systematic approach to the integrated, concurrent design of products and their related processes, including manufacture and support. This approach is intended to cause the developers, from the outset, to consider all elements of the product life cycle from conception through disposal, including quality, cost, schedule, and user ...view middle of the document...
Concurrent engineering, sometimes called simultaneous engineering, or parallel engineering has been defined in several ways by different authors.2–5
In considering the issue of concurrent life-cycle design and construction, it should be noted that the attendant benefits of concurrent engineering can only be realized by establishing procedures and processes, and developing resources, tools, techniques and systems to support its concepts and principles.
The integration of these features, will lead to the development of successful projects by bringing together as early as possible in the development cycle all the key functional disciplines in design, fabrication and construction. The key issues to be addressed in the implementation of concurrent engineering within the construction industry are as follows:6
1. the need to focus on the customer/owner/client;
2. the need to integrate the activities of the various functional disciplines involved in the project;
3. carrying out competitive benchmarking of design and construction practices and processes;
4. focussing on the quality, cost and delivery of projects;
5. concurrently developing the design of the project along with the fabrication, construction and erection processes;
6. establishing strategic relationships with materials and...