Comprehensive Analysis Case Study
Cheryl M. Todd
This comprehensive case analysis will follow Gwen Cohen-Green through the following three stages of development: early childhood, middle childhood, and early adolescence. Within each of the three stages I will identify Gwen’s social and emotional development, theories pertaining to her development, validation, and predominate factors. A complete analysis and synthesis will support the findings, and recommendations will be given to support her.
Table of Contents
Case Study: Early Childhood
Case Study: Middle Childhood
Cased Study: Early Adolescence
Analysis and Synthesis
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However, Gwen often has difficulty with regulating her behavior and attention and this affects her learning and her classmates’ ability to attend to their tasks.
The first theory, I have identified that relates to Gwen is Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. According to Erikson, the ego develops as it successfully resolves crises that are distinctly social in nature. These involve establishing a sense of trust in others, developing a sense of identity in society, and helping the next generation prepare for the future. According to the theory, successful completion of each stage results in a healthy personality and the acquisition of basic virtues. Basic virtues are characteristic strengths which the ego can use to resolve subsequent crises.
Failure to successfully complete a stage can result in a reduced ability to complete further stages and therefore a more unhealthy personality and sense of self. These stages, however, can be resolved successfully at a later time (Berk, 2012).
Erikson's first psychosocial crisis occurs during the first year or so of life. The crisis is one of trust vs. mistrust. During this stage the infant is uncertain about the world in which they live. To resolve these feelings of uncertainty the infant looks towards their primary caregiver for stability and consistency of care. If the care the infant receives is consistent, predictable and reliable they will develop a sense of trust which will carry with them to other relationships, and they will be able to feel secure even when threatened. Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of hope. By developing a sense of trust, the infant can have hope that as new crises arise, there is a real possibility that other people will be there are a source of support. Failing to acquire the virtue of hope will lead to the development of fear (Berk, 2012).
This infant will carry the basic sense of mistrust with them to other relationships. It may result in anxiety, heightened insecurities, and an overall feeling of mistrust in the world around them. Consistent with Erikson's views on the importance of trust, research by Bowlby and Ainsworth has outlined how the quality of early experience of attachment can effect relationships with others in later life (McLeod, 2008).
The second theory, I have identified that relates to Gwen is the attachment theory. Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space (Bowlby, 1969). Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life.
In her 1970's research, psychologist Mary Ainsworth expanded greatly upon Bowlby's original work. Her groundbreaking "Strange Situation" study revealed the profound effects of attachment on behavior. In the study, researchers observed children between the ages of 12 and 18 months as they responded to a situation in which they were briefly left...