This chapter presents the following: research locale, research design, population sampling or respondents of the study, research instrument, and the statistical treatment of data.
The researchers used the descriptive method in this study because the researchers consider this method as appropriate to use.
Descriptive method is a purposive process of gathering, analyzing, classifying, and tabulating data about prevailing conditions, practices, beliefs, processes, trends and cause effect relationships and then making adequate and accurate interpretation about such data with or without the aid of the ...view middle of the document...
Individual and personal approach was also used by the researchers to facilitate the expeditious and early retrieval of the duly accomplish questionnaire checklist.
The instrument used was a questionnaire checklist developed by the researchers which consist of a number of items that the respondents have to answer in a set format. The questionnaire checklist was the main tool that was used in this study. It was a research instrument consisting of series of items and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from the respondents.
The questionnaire checklist was composed of close form questions, in English language , wherein the respondents are guided in making their reply to the questions being asked. Interview was also conducted to determine the accuracy of the information that gathered from the respondents.
Reliability and Validity of the instrument
The questionnaire used in this study was drafted by the researchers. The questionnaire was designed by the researchers in accordance with the comments and suggestions of their thesis professor and adviser. It was presented to the panel members for its validity , improvement and final revision.
For validation purposes, researchers conducted a dry run to the selected ten (10) BFP personnel of the different fire station in Nueva Ecija. The copy of the survey questionnaire was distributed personally by the researchers to the respondents and retrieved personally by the researchers. Based on the dry run conducted , the BFP personnel assessment in the level of competency in handling arson cases described as Competent.
Statistical Treatment of Data
1. Socio-Demographic Profile of Respondents.
The data on the questionnaire checklists that deals with the socio-demographic profile of respondents used the frequency and percentage distribution of responses. The data gathered were computed, discussed, and analyzed for significant findings (Parreño, et. al.,2006).
Frequency Distribution. It is a statistical procedure that involves listing all possible...