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Comparison And Contrast Of The Steps That Led Russia To Leave Ww1 And The United States To Enter Ww1

1814 words - 8 pages

Comparison and Contrast of the Steps that Led Russia to Leave WW1 and The United States to enter WW1

World War 1 was one of the darkest and bloodiest chapters of World History. The heavy number of casualties and the economic loses suffered for all the European countries that took part in the ‘Great War’ , as it was known later on, are enough proves of the bloodshed and violence of it. Nevertheless, two of these countries had an important influence in the way the events developed between 1914 and 1917: Russia and the United States of America. The former had several internal problems and, as a consequence, it had to leave WW1 in 1917 while the latter had to break its isolation ...view middle of the document...

As a matter of fact, this situation was a disaster for the Allies but a golden opportunity for the Central Powers. When riots and manifestations broke out in Petrograd, the Tsar was called to renounce to the throne but instead of doing this he abdicated in favour of his brother Michael, who did not accept, resulting in the end of the autarchy of the Tsarism in Russia and the uprising of a provisional government. In addition to this, the Imperial family, the Romanov, was held in custody and sent, later on, to Siberia where they were slaughtered on the night of July 16th/17th. Meanwhile, the Russian Army remained in the field against the Central Powers but the spirit of the soldiers was broken because of the situation in their homeland which, at that time, was a bomb about to explode. .

Another step that led Russia to leave WW1 was the Bokshevik Revolution of November 1917 in which the Marxist Bolsheviks under the leadership of Lenin overthrow the provisional government. Lenin was in Austria when the March Revolution broke out and he was helped by the Central Powers, especially Germany, to return to Russia. One of the first measures that Lenin took was ‘the decree on land’ by which the lands belonging to the ex-landlords would be divided into the people. This measure, obviously, caused a chaos en the Eastern Front since many soldiers wanted to have a piece of land. The Allies, obviously, tried to persuade the new Russian government not to withdrawal from the war because they wanted to stop German from moving all its troops from the Eastern Front to the Westen Front. However, Lenin needed to consolidate the Bolshevik government and under the slogan ‘Peace, Bread and Land’ he ordered a cessation of the hostilities against the Central Powers.

The last and final step that caused the exiting of Russia was the signing of an armistice between Russia and the Central Powers at Brest-Listovsk on December 15th 1917. Despite of that ‘armistice’, both countries had ulterior motives to declare a cease on fire, and they had nothing to do with the war but with their own expectations to gain as much land as possible based on the policy of national self-determination since many small countries were claiming for their independence. Nevertheless, Germany did not respect the armistice and invaded Ukraine and offered its help to its inhabitants to fight against the Bolsheviks for their independence. In addition to this, the German started to make important advances in the Baltic and Bielorrussia. Needless to say, Lenin realised that those events could put his regime in danger and, not listening to his comrade Leon Trotsky , he accepted Germany’s terms and signed ‘The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk’ on March 3rd 1918.

USA, in opossition to Russia, entered the war following a very different path. Woodrow Wilson was the President of the United States of America during the outbreak of World War 1 on August 3rd in Europe. At the beginning of the...

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