THE COMPARISONS OF UNIX AND WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEMS
The Comparisons of UNIX and Windows Operating Systems
Instructor: Richard Guirguis
CIS 155 – Strayer University
August 20, 2012
In today’s world filled with computers and computer technology, having an Operating System (OS) is a must in order to utilize or do anything on your computer but what are the differences in the operating systems and which one would you use? This paper will investigate and analyze some of the similarities and difference between two major Operating Systems; UNIX and Windows XP by comparing and contrasting with some key features such as; cost ...view middle of the document...
Because of the more user friendly interface Windows offered, their successful marketing skills and the powerful micro-computer with the Intel-compatible processors (Haas, 2010), this put Windows in high demand and the ability to have Windows pre-installed on most new computers as their default operating system.
But the question remains, would most buyers or merchants purchase UNIX over Windows if they knew more about it? I would think that some would consider a few facts such as cost. According to (Brandblast 2004) “UNIX comes in a little cheaper then Windows because UNIX software licenses are free and it’s easier and cheaper to maintain UNIX servers” (Brandblast 2004) but yet revenue growth in UNIX systems sales is said to be much higher (UNIX, 2009).
Today, “Unix has been closing in on Microsoft’s market share. In 1999, Linux scooted past Novell's Netware to become the No. 2 server operating system behind Windows NT. In 2005 the market share for the Linux operating system was 25 percent; other UNIX flavors 12 percent. So on the client front, Microsoft is currently dominating the operating system market with over 90% market shares” (Haas, 2010).
When it comes to hardware requirements David Duvall with IBM indicates that “most of the commercial versions of UNIX will run on 486 computers with 2MB RAM and 40MB of disk space, and will come with HP-UX on PA-RISC and Itanium machines and that Sorlaris is available on SPARC and x86 and AIX is the only power processors which can be limiting” (Duvall, 2006). However, according to Microsoft Support the system requirement for Windows XP is Pentium 233 megahertz (MHz) processor or faster, 64 MB of RAM, 1.5 GB of available space on hard disk CD ROM or DVD drive, video adapter and monitor with Super VGA, sound card and speakers for a better performance (Microsoft, 2010).
When it comes to file systems, the large file summit extensions permit UNIX systems to support files of arbitrary sizes and are mostly text file bases (UNIX 2010). Windows and UNIX text files are a little different. In Windows, lines end with both the line feed and carriage return ASCII characters, but UNIX uses only a line feed. Therefore, some Windows applications will not show the line breaks in Unix-format files however, UNIX programs may display the carriage returns in Windows text files. (Duvall 200). UNIX also has other file systems such as AIX, HP-UX, Solaris and Iris however; Windows uses the file allocation table (FAT) and the NTFS file systems which are standard (UNIX 2010).
I was pretty impressed with the programming capabilities for both UNIX and Windows as UNIX uses the C...