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Comparing The United States, China, And Russia Defense Budget Expenditures

1632 words - 7 pages

Over many years the three military powerhouses of the world are the United States, China, and Russia. The United States Armed Forces consist of five branches, the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and the Coast Guard. The President of the United States is the head of the military. Under the president is the Department of Defense which implements military polices. The DOD is lead by the Secretary of Defense, which is second in command to the president. The United States is second on the list countries with the most active military personnel with 1,429,000. China’s military is called the People’s Liberation Army and are the world’s largest military force with 2,285,000 active personnel. The ...view middle of the document...

6 billion for the FY 2014. This is a decrease from the previous FY budget of $3.9 billion, which is 0.7 percent bellow the enacted amount (DOD FY14 budget). According to the DOD FY 2014 budget, “the budget continues to purse strategic priories that reflect our Nation’s renewed commitment to our historical role in the Asia-Pacific region” (DOD FY14 budget). The US Defense Budget will also focus on combating the threats of cyberspace security, the funding of research and development, combatting terrorism. Cyberspace security has become a major concern around the world because of the threat it brings to financial institutions and the stealing of sensitive government information. The US Defense Budget will fund teams of cyber experts that will defend the United States DOD infrastructure by doing reconnaissance, surveillance, development, maintenance, and analysis (DOD FY14 budget). The budget will also fund cyber security information sharing by increasing funds for the Comprehensive National Cyber security Initiative Five. This system will connect cyber security centers analytics electronically as well as in real time. The DOD FY budget states, “the goal is for relevant pieces of information to make their way to authorized users throughout the Government, to help connect the dots in identifying cyber security threats.” Next the budget will fund the research and development of the Nation’s Armed Forces. The DOD budget will provide the military with $67.5 billion for research and development. The funding will help with the evaluation of new tactical vehicles, the continuation of the development of Air Force KC-46 aerial refueling tanker, the design of the OHIO class ballistic missile system, and help to aid in the design of future weapon technologies (DOD FY14 budget). The budget also includes $12 billion for the science and technology program that heads up basic research, applied research, and advanced development technology. There is an additional $2.9 billion allotted to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency for its work in breakthrough research (DOD FY14 Budget). The budgets last main focus is on combatting terrorism. Over recent years the United States has falling under several terrorist attacks. The United States main priority is to protect its self from terrorism, “the budget continues to prioritize this mission by funding investments that are consistent with the four principles of the National Strategy for Counterterrorism, including: combatting terrorism in ways that are consistent with core U.S. values; building the capacity of our partners to fight terrorism; developing systems and capabilities to defend American citizens and deny terrorists safe havens; and preventing terrorists from developing, acquiring, or using weapons of mass destruction (DOD FY14 budget).”
China’s fast growing economy and their need to become the worlds powerhouse nation is what keeps them right under the US of the top countries in defense expenditure’s....

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