Comparing UK’s and Morocco’s Politics
The United Kingdom is one of the most developed countries in the world. Many historical reasons are behind the success of this latter country; but the reason that has a special importance in my opinion is the industrial revolution. Leading the global movement of industrialization made the UK today a prosperous country. Citizens enjoy their civil liberties according to the Human Rights Act 1998 which gives further effect to the European Convention on Human rights in the United Kingdom.
The Kingdom of Morocco is the most politically stable country in the Arab World. The Alaoui Dynasty reigned and governed the country for several ...view middle of the document...
The Monarch is also the head of the Church of England which has its own governing structures. And the members of the Crown do not have to right to participate in partisan actions, so the powers of the Monarchy are said to be ceremonial. The Monarch holds the responsibility for appointing the Prime Minister who commands the support of the House of Commons. The Monarch also has royal prerogatives but cannot execute any without the consent of the Prime Minister. According to Bagehot, the Monarch has three constitutional rights “the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, and the right to warn”.
Also referred to as the Makhzen (for historical reasons), the Moroccan Monarchy is the central figure of the Moroccan State. According to the Moroccan Constitution, the King is the Head of State, the Spiritual Leader (Amir al Mouminin), and the Chief of the Royal Armed Forces (FAR). As opposed to the British case, the role of the Moroccan Sovereign in not just limited to appointing the executives (Moroccan Const. art. XXIV, §1-2), but He has the final authority in the legislative, executive, and judicial processes. The integrity of the King’s person is inviolable, which means that no one has the right criticize the King without being sued by the State (Moroccan Const. art. XXIII,§1).
B. The Legislative Branch
In the United Kingdom, the legislative branch of power is controlled the Parliament. The latter is a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Commons is the elected part of the legislative system. And the house of lords is the non-elected part of the UK’s Parliament.
In Morocco, the legislative branch of power is also controlled by the Parliament. But the King has the authority to decree Royal Dahirs which are laws that can be neither blocked nor questioned by the bicameral Parliament. The two houses of the Parliament are the House of Representatives and the House of Councilors. The House of Representatives is five year term chamber that consists of the people’s elected representatives. The legislative elections determine the number of seats each party gets in a universal direct suffrage; then the President of the House of Representatives if elected in the beginning of legislature. The House of Councilors is six years term chamber that consists of a proportion of 3/5 of elected member in each Moroccan region and 2/5 of selected members in each region by Electoral College composed of the Professional Chambers and wager’s assemblies (Moroccan Const. art. XLIX,§1-5)..
C. The Executive...