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Compare The Reasons For Successes And Failures Of Democracy Movements In Asia And Africa

1624 words - 7 pages

Compare the reasons for successes and failures of democracy movements in Asia and Africa

Democracy means the government by the people.(4) The historians and philosophers of the Aegean world invented the term, situated it within a larger political vocabulary, again of their own invention, and provided a mode of politi-
cal analysis that enjoyed authority well into modern times. Greek political institutions did not survive; Greek political theory did. Democracy was handed down and was spread all around the world; now with majority of the world as democracy as their government with few minority exceptions such as communism. Various countries of all regions went through democracy ...view middle of the document...

He insisted on supporting on industries and developing South Korea. He also focused on human resources and industries; giving power to the specialized people. As an educated and strong leader he made the government support industries and totally seized control of the country. China have been slowly developing their diplomatic views and turned optimistic towards capitalism and democracy as well. This may be because of the change in leaders. Mao was indeed strong but he failed to give choices to the people. After Deng Xiao Ping became the leader, rules were fixed to help China open up to the world and experience democracy that is now helping their country develop. Mao was more towards recognizing the poor people but in order to succeed in the democracy movement, a country or a region needs to, like Deng Xiao Ping, needs to develop Industrial elites as well. Dalai Lama was also a very strong leader that led democracy movements. He commented "The democracy movement on mainland has already rung the death knell for the despotic regime of the Chinese Communists". Last year the Dalai Lama spread his message to the world on the Internet: "Chinese patriots with courage and vision are continuing the struggle for justice, freedom and democracy at great personal risks." (3) With Dalai Lama and strong supportive leaders and people, the democracy movement at Tiananmen Square in 1989, which was a peaceful demonstration against years of communist rule, was able to happen.
Contrastingly in Africa, most of the countries failed their democracy movements because of lack of strong, educated leaders and also due to their unstable or poor economy. (2) Countries such as Rwanda continuously failed due to their weak leaders that were uneducated as well. The leaders of Rwanda have been only corrupted without an effort to develop the country. Without a strong leading leader, the country and its people are hard to change and lead the democracy movement to success. (1) African countries such as Sudan, Somalia, Rwanda are famous for their poverty levels and poor unstable economy that does not seem to rise ever. With a weak economy, the country or its region is barely possible in achieving the democracy movement.
If economy became stable enough to have strong middle class, and wealthy enough to have at least some leisure time, democracy movements were more likely to be successful. A stable economy is important because in order for people to carry on democracy movements, and in order for people to want freedom, choices, and democracy, they need to have the basic necessities. If the people are not able to afford to want democracy, a democracy movement can never work out. If people are hungry, their immediate need is food not freedom of choices of changing their government to democracy. A stable economy indeed helps in having people uprise with a democracy movement.
Internal Unity within the people of a region or country is also an important factor in...

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