Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Motivation

2326 words - 10 pages

Essay Question
Compare and Contrast Two theories of motivation. Suggest how a team leader might use these theories to motivate their team.

Motivation according to Vroom (1964) is based within the individual , which influences one to complete a task. It is important for team leaders to motivate their team in order to 'improve productivity' (Hyun and Oh ,2011, P103) and ensure that employees enjoy their jobs. Many theories of motivation have been developed, which allows team leaders use in work to motivate their teams

The theory's which will be compared and contrasted in this essay are:- Herzbergs two-factor theory and Adams equity theory. Herzbergs theory, has become widely used ...view middle of the document...

An example of a motivator is the duties an employee is given whilst an example of a hygiene is the pay provided for the work.(Herzbergs 1968)

The role of motivators is to want people to work hard as well as enjoy their jobs. These factors focus on the actually role of employees, thus should be provided with the jobs employees do. Whilst lack of hygiene factors can results workers dissatisfaction.(Hyun and Oh ,2011, P103) .In other words hygiene factors are to prevent workers discontent thus these factors do not resulted in motivation however without them there is dissatisfaction. (Herzbergs 1976). Herzbergs stressed that these factors where not ends of one another.

Sachau (2007) found that in order to improve productivity by applying Herzbergs Two- Factor theory, was to adjust jobs so that employees can experiences more motivators factors. This means providing the employees with consistent opportunities to experiences achievement, take responsibility, be autonomous and to learn. Hence if managers of the team enriched jobs, employees would be more interested in their work and therefore they would take on more responsibility as well as produces higher quality output.

Similarly the theory of equity purposed by Adam, is also based on two factors these being :input and outcome,the input is the amount an individual puts into the work which is then compared to the outcome, which is what is achieved as a result of the input, this is then compared the inputs and outcomes of others.(Al-Zawahreh and Al-Madi 2012).
Unlike, Herzbergs, Adams (1968) maintained that inequity results from people not only when they are relatively underpaid but also when the are overpaid. For example a person may feel inequity when they are being paid low for high productivity of input whilst another may also feel inequity when they are being paid high for low productivity. Whilst in the two-factor theory, motivation is more to do with increase in motivators thus this may occur even when productivity is low. (Herzbergs 1976).

Therefore according to the equity theory, motivation is effected by how one perceives being treated fairly. Equity is defined as justices (Al-zawahreh and Al-madi 2012). Thus inequity occurs when a person feels that an imbalances in the ratio between their outcomes and inputs with others workers outcome and inputs. (Mine 1980)

Moreover, according to Bell ( to improve productivity using the equity theory is to remove the feeling of unbalance, a team leader should do this by providing regularly evaluation of each employee on their perception of input which should be balanced with their perception of fair outcomes. This would provide the employees would understanding of the outcome received and remove any thoughts of unfairness.
Moreover a lager amount of research has examined the characteristics of motivation factors that occur. For example Bandura cited in Sachau (2007) found that people are motivated to perform an activity...

Other Papers Like Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Motivation

Compare and Contrast Hitler's Race Theory with the Realities of the Holocaust. How Did Expansion Contribute to These Theories?

621 words - 3 pages Joel Erskin Sheila Sholhtalab World history from 1500 section 003 November 28, 2012 Compare and contrast Hitler's race theory with the realities of the Holocaust. How did expansion contribute to these theories? Nazism developed several theories concerning races. The Nazis claimed to scientifically measure a strict hierarchy of human race. Once firmly in power, Hitler’s plans for the ending of the struggle between the Aryan race and the

Photosynthesis And Respiration Are Two Fundamental Biological Processes. Compare And Contrast These Two Processes

650 words - 3 pages Photosynthesis and respiration are two fundamental biological processes. Compare and contrast these two processes. [MAY, 2002] Photosynthesis and respiration both involve many reactions and a variety of enzymes. Thus both are affected by temperature. Although both occur within membrane-bound organelles, aerobic respiration occurs within the mitochondrion and photosynthesis within the chloroplast. Respiration occurs in all organisms while

Compare and Contrast the Person-Centred and Mindfulness Approaches to Understanding and Working with Fear and Sadness. Which of These Two Approaches Do You Feel More Drawn to and Why?

1923 words - 8 pages TMA02 -D240 Compare and contrast the person-centred and mindfulness approaches to understanding and working with fear and sadness. Which of these two approaches do you feel more drawn to and why? It is known that most people when seeking counselling, usually go because of fear and sadness reasons. Fear and sadness can now be known as a mental health problem. A mental health problem diversify within the worries we all go through in

Compare and Contrast Business Systems in Japan and China. Answer with Reference to Relevant Theories and Use Comparative Country and/or Corporate Examples

2544 words - 11 pages , Keiretsu now runs by the public. In Japanese enterprise, members and partners depended heavily on suppliers, financial banks and employees in order to maintain sustainability in the economy. Whereas in china enterprise, because of thirst for improvement, result and innovation were key factors that enterprise focused heavily on. Market Relations Japan Knowing the emergence of the Kieretsu, this report will be covering two types of keiretsu

Biblical Counseling: Compare and Contrast Secular Counseling Theories

1230 words - 5 pages ). Approximately 12.5% of people who experience a traumatic event develop ASD, and 10% develop PTSD, although not all patients who develop PTSD have preceding ASD.2 Early identification and treatment of ASD can decrease the percentage of patients who go on to develop PTSD.2 Exposure-based therapy works better than cognitive restructuring A 2009 meta-analysis of small, limited-quality RCTs noted that CBT based on re-exposure to memories of the traumatic event

Compare and Contrast How the Psychodynamic and Person-Centred Approaches to Counselling Understand the Person, and How These Two Approaches Explain Psychological Distress Experienced by Individuals....

1437 words - 6 pages Compare and contrast how the psychodynamic and person-centred approaches to counselling understand the person, and how these two approaches explain psychological distress experienced by individuals. In Part 2 reflect on and write about which of the two approaches appeals most to you and why? A comparison of psychodynamic approach and people centred approaches to counselling The psychodynamic approach was developed by Sigmund Freud. Its

Supervisory Roles and Theories of Motivation Paper

895 words - 4 pages  Supervisory Roles and Theories of Motivation Paper BSHS/425 March 7, 2016 Supervisory Roles and Theories of Motivation Paper Who is fully equipped to respond to those in need? There is no one answer for this question; however considering the diversity of those in need a Human Service organization must be able to rapidly respond. In order to do so it takes many strategies and people, including those in Supervisory Roles

Theories of Motivation

3445 words - 14 pages his employees commit their time and energy to the organisation. He also uses Maslow’s theory of needs and Aldefer’s ERG Theory to make sure that his employees are effective in carrying out their tasks. Finally, the GM uses Herzberg’s two factor theory of motivation to ensure that his employees make efficient use of the organisations resources. To conclude, theories of motivation are present in the workplace whether they are intentionally being

Compare And Contrast Perspectives

1435 words - 6 pages Compare and Contrast Perspectives Kelly A Rodriguez Psy/310 3/10/2014 Katrina Ramos Compare and Contrast Perspectives As the evolution of psychology has evolved so has the perspective of the different fields of psychology. Each thought, each view point has been reevaluated and new theories added but the values and core foundation and thoughts of the past are still held strong. Behaviorist such as John Watson, B.F Skinner, and Edward

Compare and Contrast

1245 words - 5 pages Compare and contrast three different types of thinking and comment on how each effects the critical thinking process Logical Creative Optimistic Creative and logical-- Critical thinking and decision making is the process to find the truth. An important aspect of thinking is the process that relies on the ability to coordinate and structure our ideas so that they make sense. Training our mind to use the critical thinking process gives

Compare and Contrast

716 words - 3 pages John Nicolet June 5, 2015 Compare and Contrast 1. Compare and contrast the Magna Carta to the U.S. Constitution. A.The 6th amendment of the Constitution reads "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjpy the right to be confronted with the witness against him." Also it was in the Magna Carta that "No freeman shall be taken or imprsioned or exiled or in any waydestroyrd except by the lawful judgment of his

Related Essays

Compare And Contrast Two Accounts Of Disorderly Behaviour

1635 words - 7 pages Compare and contrast two accounts of disorderly behaviour. The mediation of disorderly behaviour has been an area of interest for many years among social scientists, within this assignment I will be looking the work of Cohen and Huesmann, who have both produced theories regarding the relationships between disorderly behaviour and the media. To enable a clearer understanding of the concepts presented by Cohen and Huesmann it is vital to

Compare And Contrast Two Methods Of Sociological Research

2164 words - 9 pages an argument, various examples are submitted to endorse the argument. Evidences are attained through analogies, testimonials or statistical analysis. Compare and contrast study consists of the comparison of two or more ideas. In such a study ideas are defined, contrasted, distinguished and then based on the arguments, the researcher chooses one idea as the better idea. The selected idea then has to be justified and reinforced with valid and

Why Businesses Internationalise? Compare And Contrast Mainstream And Alternative Theories

599 words - 3 pages This essay would be focused on the meaning of internalisation and why businesses would want to partake in it with theories to support it as well as its problems. In recent years, globalization has caused the business areas in countries to keep developing. This resulted in companies more concerned with making their operation more efficient and effective and wanting to compete in the global environment. This would mean the firm would have a lot

A Compare Contrast Between Two Works, Morisot And Van Eyck

712 words - 3 pages in the painting are not intentional, and were caused by the cracking of the paint, most likely caused by age and the wood panel the painting itself is on. Both paintings, while strikingly different, have there own similarities. The most obvious characteristic they have in common is that they are both non abstract portraits, albeit of two very different people. Another similarity is that they both use oil paint as the primary medium, however van