This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Compare And Contrast Essay

1111 words - 5 pages

Epistemological Comparison and Contrast
Dorothy M. Conner
University of Phoenix


Epistemological Comparison and Contrast
Descartes ' Theory of Knowledge
Rene Descartes is one of the most renowned rationalists of the modern age who asserts that knowledge can be obtained by means of reason. He claims that in the acquisition of knowledge one should be able to distinguish what is true and what is false. This leads to his opposition against the idea of experience as a source of knowledge
As Descartes claims it, one should not rely on experience as a source of knowledge for the reason that experience is deceptive as how a person's sensory organs can bring deception with the way he or ...view middle of the document...

Instead he came up with a theory of vortices in space, whirling about the sun all bathed in an invisible "fluid" he called ether.
Also despite his mechanistic outlook, he accepted the traditional religious doctrine of the immortality of the soul maintaining that mind and body are two distinct substances. This fundamental separation of mind and body, known as dualism, raised the problem of explaining the way in which two such different substances as mind and body can affect each other, a problem that he was unable to solve and that has been a concern of philosophy ever since.
Locke’s Epistemological Theory
While Descartes is a rationalist defending the idea that knowledge can be drawn from reason, John Locke is an empiricist who claims that only experience can produce knowledge. Locke is one of the most notable critics of the Cartesian Philosophy on Knowledge arguing that a mind, at first, is like a blank slate. According to Dictionary.com (2010), the definition of ‘tabula rasa’ is the mind in its uninformed original state. The concept of tabula rasa directly opposes the Cartesian view that there are innate ideas. Therefore maintaining the fundamental empiricist’s view that there can be no other means to achieve knowledge but through experience alone.
Ideas are very important elements in Locke’s epistemology because only though these ideas that the mind can come up with a particular knowledge about something. Ideas can be produced either through sensation and reflection.
The chief difference between Descartes and Locke is that Descartes was a rationalist, one who holds that knowledge of the world can be gained by exercise of pure reason, while Locke was an empiricist, one who believes that knowledge of the world comes only through the senses. Accordingly, Descartes in his Meditations attempts to deduce from intuitive first principles the existence of the self, of God, of the mind as a thinking substance, and of extended bodies as material substances. Locke, on the other hand, asserts that we acquire knowledge by sensation, direct sensory impressions of the external world, and reflection, the mental process of breaking down complex impressions into simple ones and comparing them, abstracting them, and recombining them to form new ideas.
As is so often the case, Locke's approach to science was a reaction to the...

Other Papers Like Compare And Contrast

Compare and Contrast Essay

1245 words - 5 pages Compare and contrast three different types of thinking and comment on how each effects the critical thinking process Logical Creative Optimistic Creative and logical-- Critical thinking and decision making is the process to find the truth. An important aspect of thinking is the process that relies on the ability to coordinate and structure our ideas so that they make sense. Training our mind to use the critical thinking process gives

Compare And Contrast Essay

1312 words - 6 pages Compare and Contrast ENGL 102-C04: Composition and Literature Spring C 2015 APA Thesis Statement and Outline “The Most Dangerous Game” and “The Child by Tiger” are two short stories that are different in some ways as well as they have some aspects in common, both characters portray good and evil personalities. The twists in these stories will make one’s imagination run wild and they have the ability to entertain the mind. I

Compare and Contrast

727 words - 3 pages man spot and does not control the floor like a guard does he just plays a position. I will agree that James is a better defense player than Jordan but yet again, they played two different positions. I could go on and on about the two players and could compare their stats, awards, accolades until the cows come home but let us face it they are both the same and different in all aspects. The subject of this paper is to compare how the two

compare and contrast essay

751 words - 4 pages Compare and Contrast Essay Mark Twain is known as a genius for his writing, comedy, and his genius as a satirist. He effectively demonstrates this with his excellent use of the satirical technique of reversal in “The War Prayer” and the satirical technique incongruous juxtaposition in “The Political Candidate”. Twain also effectively uses imagery and satirizes the naivety of the audience to convey his thoughts and feelings about church in “The

Compare and Contrast Essay

808 words - 4 pages other option other than to end her life.  Similarly, Cather’s protagonist Paul gets to live the life of affluence he has always desired away from his father, but when his grim reality sets in, he chooses to end his life tragically.  Although each of their paths to suicide is different, there is an uncanny similarity between their social isolation, newfound sense of freedom, and subsequent suicides.  It is through this analysis that I will compare

Compare And Contrast Essay

1082 words - 5 pages Compare-and-Contrast Essay Juanita Stanberry Com 155 May 11, 2013 Benjamin Ovando In this essay I will be comparing the similarities and differences between Burger King and Dairy Queen. I will be covering the two restaurants styles, food types, what they are known for, and information about their establishment. I will be providing accurate and interesting facts about the two restaurants. I will also be providing information about

Compare And Contrast

1035 words - 5 pages Compare and Contrast: Sister Flowers versus I Want a Wife Lisa Jackson ENG 121: English Composition I Instructor: Alicia Giffin December 9, 2013 When given the task of comparing two different essays, I read through the list before deciding on Sister Flowers by Maya Angelou and I Want a Wife by Judy Brady. I found both essays to be well-written and each touched me on an emotional level. However, I found the essay Sister Flowers to be the

Compare and Contrast

1085 words - 5 pages Compare and Contrast MLB’s Greatest of All-Time Two of the world’s greatest baseball players to have ever lived were Jackie Robinson and Babe Ruth. Both of these men established a career in the game that they both loved so much. Both players had accomplishments that will always remain a part of our history in the sport of baseball. Although both are known as baseball legends, they also offer their differences. Their differences and

Compare and Contrast Paper

1952 words - 8 pages Compare and Contrast Paper Introduction We have all struggled with situations such as grief, loss, or stress at some time in our lives. When we seek counseling to help us overcome the feelings that are associated with these hardships it is good to know the best way to approach them. We usually just want the problem to go away and we want to feel happy and rejuvenated again. However, there are steps we must take in order to experience freedom

Psychologists' Compare and Contrast

3200 words - 13 pages Psychologists' Compare And Contrast – Jean Piaget & Sigmund Freud Similarities and differences Jean Piaget was a philosopher and developmental Swiss psychologist who is widely known for the epistemology studies relating children. Piaget’s theory of epistemology and cognitive development are both referred to as genetic epistemology.  Jean Piaget’s specific concern was on cognitive or intellectual development

Week 5 Compare and Contrast

587 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Literature Compare and Contrast Table Select three literary works that you have read in class, and that you think are connected in at least one way through convention or device. Consider the following: theme, genre, literary technique, culture, use of literary devices such as symbolism, and how diction is used to suggest culture, class, ethnicity, historical period, or age. Use the three works you have

Related Essays

Compare And Contrast Essay 716 Words

716 words - 3 pages John Nicolet June 5, 2015 Compare and Contrast 1. Compare and contrast the Magna Carta to the U.S. Constitution. A.The 6th amendment of the Constitution reads "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjpy the right to be confronted with the witness against him." Also it was in the Magna Carta that "No freeman shall be taken or imprsioned or exiled or in any waydestroyrd except by the lawful judgment of his

Compare And Contrast Essay

614 words - 3 pages Compare and Contrast name POS 355 date instructor Compare and Contrast This paper will give a comparison and contrast between and mainframes and Personal Computers. Over the years personal computers and mainframes have made huge advances over the years. Personal computers are just what they are called personal computers while mainframes are used for large businesses and organizations for multiple users. Both have had enormous

Compare And Contrast Essay 774 Words

774 words - 4 pages Tuesday/Thursday 10:30-11:45 Compare and Contrast The two pieces of art I've chosen to compare, contrast, and analyze are Woman at the Height of her Beauty, by Kitagawa Utamaro and Mother and Child, by Mary Cassatt. Both pieces are reflective of different societies of the time period in which they were created, and both pieces have a background and deeper meaning that goes beyond what meets the viewers eye. However, the aesthetic appeal

Compare And Contrast Perspectives Essay

1435 words - 6 pages Compare and Contrast Perspectives Kelly A Rodriguez Psy/310 3/10/2014 Katrina Ramos Compare and Contrast Perspectives As the evolution of psychology has evolved so has the perspective of the different fields of psychology. Each thought, each view point has been reevaluated and new theories added but the values and core foundation and thoughts of the past are still held strong. Behaviorist such as John Watson, B.F Skinner, and Edward