Community policing brings police work into a domain traditionally policing units and charging them with improving the quality of life in low and moderate income neighborhoods. Community policing is “a policing philosophy that promotes and supports organizational strategies to address the causes and reduce the fear of crime and social disorder through problem-solving tactics and police-community partnerships.”
The main focus of community policing is on crime and social disorder through the delivery of police services that includes aspects of traditional law enforcement, as well as prevention, problem-solving, community engagement and partnerships. After surveying residents of the ...view middle of the document...
It is the belief of the city administration and the Police Department that a recent influx of criminal gang activity in the downtown area is primarily responsible for the increase in these crimes.
Without the implementation of a community oriented policing approach, the ABC Police Department does not have the influence over the community to receive information from the community to solve these crimes. The citizens seem to fear the gangs and other criminal’s retaliation for providing information to the police.
In this proposal of community oriented policing strategies, the ABC Police Department will bring forth new techniques to combat the recent crimes in the downtown and surrounding area, this will be accomplished through the use of strategic-oriented, neighborhood-oriented, problem-oriented policing strategies.
Use of Strategic-Oriented Policing
Strategic-oriented policing uses many different techniques to combat crime. The ABC Police Department will implement aggressive patrols in the affected areas of downtown to combat the property crimes. Property crimes are believed to be committed to support drug use. With the influx of the property crimes, the stolen property is being sold and the offenders have money, this is fueling the drug sales, the drug sales and use and having an influence on the assaults. The prostitution increase can be tied to the drug use also. Many of the prostitutes are known drug abusers and they pay for the drugs with the money from selling themselves or getting the drugs in exchange for sex acts. All of these crimes are linked together. Aggressive patrols and directed patrols in these areas will be looking for theses offenders, aggressive meaning officers, who’s only task will be to patrol and be seen in the downtown areas affected by the crimes. Directed patrols will be used to arrest the prostitutes seen on the streets for solicitation, anyone seen selling drugs, even the smallest amounts. The aggressive and directed patrols will turn into saturation patrols in that officers will only be assigned to these areas in an increasing amount of officers.
Without the drug dealers being on the streets, there will be fewer drugs. It is known that the war on drugs will never end, but with aggressive patrolling, there will be less. With less access to drugs in downtown, there will be a ripple effect on the prostitutes; there will be fewer assaults for money to buy drugs or to solicit sex. The amount of officers on the streets should discourage property crimes from occurring due to not knowing who is an officer or where they may come from for fear of arrest.
Use of Neighborhood-oriented Policing
Neighborhood policing will involve the establishment of a communication program between the affected neighborhoods and the police. This will be accomplished though the use of community officers, who are assigned to neighborhoods and receive crime information from the residents and or businesses and relay that...