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Community Police Essay

1029 words - 5 pages

Policing Policies- Community Policing

CJA/580 Public Policy Issues

November 21, 2011
Professor Joseph Gutheinz, Jr., J.D.

Policing Policies- Community Policing

This country has a system that operates and helps maintain rights and protection of the citizens. This same system also punishes those who violate the laws and policies set forth by the government. This system is the criminal justice system. As a previous subject in this course, there are three main branches of government, executive, legislative, and judicial, play a major role in the criminal justice policy process. The executives are the advocates of policies and budgets to implement these policies; ...view middle of the document...

17). Marion and Oliver (2012) identified three categories that “the various types of programs under community policing fall into” (Marion & Oliver, 2012, p. 434). The first category under community policing is strategic policing. “The methods of strategic policing adopted the concept of cracking down on minor crimes and disorder to bring the community out from behind closed doors” (Marion & Oliver, 2012, p. 434). “The neighborhood policing methods focused on bringing police and citizens into contact with one another on a daily basis and included foot/bike patrols, neighborhood substations, and police-community meetings that would occur on a routine basis” (Marion & Oliver, 2012, p. 434). “Problem-oriented policing tended to generally adopt the SARA model for addressing specific problems in a neighborhood” (Marion & Oliver, 2012, p. 434).
Key Actors
The idea of community policing came about as the issues of drugs and crime started to become a major problem. “Community policing developed at the grassroots level in the early 1980s, coming out of local police demonstration projects that were often funded by the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance” (Marion & Oliver, 2012, p. 433). This came about after the “rejection of traditional policing practices” (Marion & Marion, 2012, p. 433). The executive branch of government is a major key actor of community police because of their primary role “of implementing and enforcing the laws” (Cordner & Scarborough, 2010, p. 11). “The police are a part of the executive branch of government because of their role is to enforce the laws enacted by the legislature and to refer alleged violations of those laws to the judiciary” (Cordner & Scarborough, 2010, p. 11). The legislative branch of government is also a key actor because this is the branch that enacts the community policing policies that police officers enforce. The third key actor of community policing is the judicial branch of government. “The judicial branch was directed to review the constitutionality of legislative enactments and to adjudicate alleged violations of the laws” (Cordner & Scarborough, 2010, p. 11).
Example of Community Policing
Community policing is exemplified in many forms. One example of community...

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