Running head: Community Health Project 1
The Community Health Project and Proposed Intervention
Yvette Sanford Hall
Loyola University of New Orleans
Community Health Project 2
This paper discusses the summary of the community health project carried out in the Eastern New Orleans Community in New Orleans, Louisiana, to encourage health promotion and disease prevention. This discussion includes a profile of Eastern New Orleans Community with ...view middle of the document...
Post Katrina the Latino population in New Orleans metro spiked to 57%, 24% Mexican, 7% Cuban, 5% Puerto Rican, and 64% “others” (Greater New Orleans Community Data Center (GNOCDC). The GNOCDC reports of the full time year round workers in the metropolitan area 47% earn less than $35,000
Community Health Project 3
annually. 16% of adults greater then 25 have less than a high school diploma, and households with children under the age of 18 have decreased to 23% in Orleans Parish.
According to the report authorized by Louisiana State Epidemiologist Dr. Raoult Ratard, there are no apparent increases in deaths or subsequently death rates in the Greater New Orleans area. The report looked at data from 2002 through 2006. Orleans Parish for the first six months of 2006, there was an excess of 21% with an average of 13.0 per 1,000 population versus 10.8 per 1,000 population for similar six month period for 2002-2005. The rates decreased afterwards in Orleans Parish to become similar to those of previous years (Mortality in the Greater New Orleans Area, Louisiana–Post Katrina (June 2007). Infant mortality rate was 13.0 per 1,000 births in Orleans Parish. Statewide leading causes of death in 2002 (death rate per 100,000) were Heart 237.7, Cancer 232.0, Stroke 69.4, Accidents 28.5, Diabetes 61.5 and Chronic Lower Respiratory 34.4 (Parish Health Profile 2005). Sexual transmitted diseases rates in Louisiana rank among the highest in the nation. The state holds the highest rate in the country for primary and secondary syphilis at 533 cases in 2007 of this total Orleans Parish had 117 cases. In 2007, the state rose to 2nd highest rate in country for gonorrhea at 11,137 cases of this total Orleans Parish had 1529 cases (Parish Health Profile 2005).
New Orleans is a unique place for many reasons, namely its music, food, and diverse heritage of people. Eating unhealthy food is the main factor contributing to 17% obesity rate in youths in New Orleans area as reported by the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals. Numerous fast foods places, corner stores selling fired foods and sandwiches, donut shop with many pastries, one public park, sedentary lifestyles of community are reasons there is a need for healthier food choices and exercise.
Community Health Project 4
Strengths and challenges of the community
As with most African American communities, the family unit working together to overcome adversities has been a strength. For many years we have had limited assets therefore, we have learned to improvise or be creative in dealing with daily obstacles. My community is faced with many issues that impact their health including decreased population, increased poverty, loss of job, increased rates of depression as it relates to stress, increase crime rate, and loss of inpatient facility. Smothering...