Faculty of Humanities
Department of English and German Philology
COMMUNICATIVE STYLE AND GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATIONS
Author Tadas Dilnikas
Academic Supervisor Liolita BernotienÄ—
KlaipÄ—da University, 2014
1. Aspects of Computer-mediated communication
1.1. Types of computer-mediated commmunication
2. face-to-face communication versus computer-mediated communication
2.1. Impact of social networking sites
3. LINGUISTIC Gender DIFFERENCES
3.1. Language and gender
3.1.1. MINIMAL RESPONSE
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Literary scholars mainly focus on:
impression formation (â€œThe process by which individual pieces of information about another person are integrated to form a global impression of the individual (i.e. how one person perceives another person.â€œ) â€“ Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories);
group dynamics (â€œa system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group (intragroup dynamics), or between social groups (intergroup dynamics).â€ â€“ L. Backstrom, D. Huttenlocher, J. Kleinberg, X.Lan â€œGroup Formation in Large Social Networks: Membership, Growth, and Evolution â€œ, 2006);
disclosure reciprocity (â€œThe tendency for one person's intimacy of self-disclosure to match that of a conversational partner.â€œ â€“ McGraw-Hill Higher Education);
Academic research points out major differences in conversation characteristics and traits across gender, while popular research focuses on major stylistic differences in conversation styles between men and women.
Computer as a means of communication is not a new subject, although an extreme escalation of this activity has become a popular subject of investigation of:
Analysis of how people use digital media to interpersonally interact, form impressions and to build and preserve relationships.
Investigation of emoticons, turn-taking (a pragmatic term for the manner in which orderly conversation normally takes place), organization of talk, various sociolects, styles or sets of terminology specific to these environments (Leet or leetspeak â€“ an alternative alphabet for a language replacing latin letters with numbers or ASCII characters.).
Males and females differ in the way they perceive the world that surround us. This reflects in distinctions of thinking, behaving, and most importantly communicating. The understanding of these differences is the key of much more improved communication amidst people and recognizing oneself too. Since computer-mediated communication is becoming more and more popular and handy, mastering its features is a preferable subject.
The intention of this research is to determine major differences between genders and to ascertain which communication styles are more common with each gender in computer-mediated communications. Main obejcts that will be analysed:
Aspects of computer-mediated communication
Differences and similarities of face-to-face and computer-mediated communications
Communicative style differences between genders
Sociolinguistic differences in CMC between genders
Paralinguistic differences in CMC between genders
Firstly, structure of computer-mediated communications will be analysed, as well as types of it (text-based, audio, video).
Secondly, face-to-face and computer-mediated communications will be compared.
Lastly, diversities between...