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Communication Genders Paper

2761 words - 12 pages

Communication Differences and Strategies
Understanding communication differences and the strategies to prevent conflict because of these differences is important when establishing relationships. According to Christopher (2008), “men and women have differing frameworks for how they view the world” (p. 1). The following presentation will provide information on types of verbal and nonverbal communication and how communication differs among men and women. Information on some common miscommunications and examples are also included in the presentation. The presentation includes a description of a situation that occurred that involved sexual harassment in the workplace, and recommendations for ...view middle of the document...

According to Engleberg and Wynn (2011), “Some researchers claim that we convey as much as two-thirds of our meaning through nonverbal behavior” (p. 163).
Differences in Verbal and Nonverbal Communication among Men and Women
According to Prinsen and Punyanunt-Carter (2010), significant differences exist in verbal and nonverbal communication among men and women. Research has shown that male speech is more dynamic than female speech that has a tendency to be more aesthetic (Prinsen & Punyanunt-Carter, 2010). According to Sapiro (2003), most differences in communication between male and female result from the power structure and authority that is established within relationships. Men and women use slightly different vocabularies, for example, women use more technical and precise words whereas men use more numbers in normal conversation (Sapiro, 2003). In addition, men also have a tendency to be more aggressive and swear more than women during conversation (Sapiro, 2003). Language and conversation is a vehicle for women to express concern and develop trusting relationships; for men conversation is an opportunity for competition, conveying important information, maintaining status, and autonomy (Wright, Bates & Ferguson, 2007). Women ask more questions than men and men are more likely to initiate new topics (Sapiro, 2003). According to Sapiro (2003), the right-of-way in conversation means for an individual to talk so much that the other person cannot get a word in edgewise. The old stereotype suggested that women did most of the talking, but more recently research has shown that men are more dominant during conversation (Sapiro, 2003). More recently it was discovered that men enjoy techniques that silence women; even if it is unintentional, so that they can get the final word in a conversation (Sapiro, 2003).
Reasons for differences in nonverbal communication among men and women are not well understood (Hall, 2006). Some believe that differences exist because of biological reasons, social expectations (stereotyping), roles, values, and personalities (Hall, 2006). Power and nonverbal communication are also linked to the reason for differences among men and women (Hall, 2006). According to Knöfler and Imhof (2007), nonverbal communication relates to touch, body posture, body orientation, and facial expressions. Body posture during communication, for example, is very different among men and women. Men have a tendency to take up more space; not because they are larger than women, but because of the way they manage to relax and adopt a wide-stretched body posture such has spreading out their arms and legs (Knöfler & Imhof, 2007). Women take up less space because they typically keep their legs closed or cross their legs; women also prefer to sit opposite a person whereas men feel more comfortable when sitting adjacent to someone during conversation (Knöfler & Imhof, 2007). Women self-touch more than men, for example, women often touch or play...

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