Engels and Marx:
Fathers of Communism
12 May 2014
“In bourgeois society capital is independent and has individuality, while the living person is dependent and has no individuality.” –Karl Marx
This single sentence is the foundation on which Karl Marx and Frederick Engels founded Communism. Their mission was to free the oppressed from the powers of economy and religion.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary Communism is “A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.” Communism ...view middle of the document...
For a number of years, his family lived in poverty but the wealthier Engels was able to support them to an increasing extent. Gradually, Marx emerged from his political and spiritual isolation and produced his most important body of work, 'Das Kapital'. The first volume of this 'bible of the working class' was published in his lifetime, while the remaining volumes were edited by Engels after his friend's death.
In his final years, Karl Marx was in creative and physical decline. He spent time at health spas and was deeply distressed by the death of his wife, in 1881, and one of his daughters. He died on 14 March 1883 and was buried at Highgate Cemetery in London.
Frederick Engels was a socialist, born in Barmen on November 28, 1820, the son of a well-to-do manufacturer. Took up commerce, but already at an early age began propagating radical and socialist ideas in newspaper articles and speeches. After working for some time as a clerk in Bremen and serving for one year as an army volunteer in Berlin in 1842, he went for two years to Manchester, where his father was co-owner of a cotton mill.
In 1844 he worked for the Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher (A French-German pamphlet on the negatives of censorship) published by Arnold Ruge and Karl Marx in Paris. In 1844, he returned to Barmen and in 1845 addressed communist in Elberfeld. Then, until 1848, he lived alternately in Brussels and Paris; in 1846 he joined, with Marx, the secret Communist League, a predecessor of the International, and represented the Paris communities at the two League congresses in London in 1847. On the League's instructions, he wrote, jointly with Marx, the Communist Manifesto.
The Communist Manifesto was a pamphlet explaining how the working class of the world was always mistreated, underpaid, and abused. They work about the monstrosities that come from capitalism and the wrong doing of Democracy. Marx was quoted to have said “The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them.” Marx and Engels were not only against capitalism and Democracy, but also religion. Marx believed that religion further oppressed the citizens of the world. In countries where if one didn’t believe the accepted, or many times forced, belief they would be jailed or even executed. The Communist Manifesto went on to say that all property belonged to the working class, all taxes and produce are to be collected and equally distributed amongst the people and that all education should be free for children. The pamphlet also states ten planks or “Marx” that a Communist government should follow. The planks of Communism are:
Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes.
A heavy progressive or graduated income tax.
Abolition of all right of inheritance.
Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels.
Centralization of credit in the hands of...