This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Colonialism In Africa Essay

2829 words - 12 pages


How does the legacy of colonialism affect contemporary African international relations?

If questioned today about Africa in general the first reactions I would have are poor governance, poverty, conflict, economic instability and hunger. These are the major characteristics that dominate most of the states within the continent as a whole. The question would be has it always been this way? Different debates and differences have been focused on the colonial legacy for post-colonial Africa and the nature of colonialism. Various characterizations and conceptions tend to differ considerably among the international relations and African scholars.

Between 1800 ...view middle of the document...

This paper will be divided into three sections. Section one will focus on the colonial conquest in Africa. Section two will look at the operation of colonial legacy with emphasis on the political and economic practice. Lastly, the third section will look at the impacts of the colonial legacy on the African continent.


The term colonialism developed a more precise meaning during the late nineteenth century. This in Europe was a period of industrialization. There was a hunt for fresh market, raw materials and also new field for investment by the European factories in Africa. Politics and economic inspiration as a result took a huge role in the colonization of Africa. After the Second World War, most of the developed European and American countries turned to tropical African states in order to acquire industrial raw materials to rebuild their economies. The West defended in their capture of alien terrains for the purpose of exploiting the natural resources for instance gold: a situation that left the exploited colonies with negative impacts[2]. Majority of the lives of the African people and their societies were affected causing transformations and interruptions as a result of the policies implicated by these colonial masters during.

Nationalism in the Western states during this period was identified with pride in one’s nation bringing about stiff competition within the European nations. In addition it brought about the formation of nation-states within the European colonies. This competition over colonial expansions within Africa was a way in which the West demonstrated state competition within late nineteenth century and thus this resulted into wars between the various nations. This competition was greatly witnessed between the resilient European states during this century which were Germany, Britain and France. None of the major nations wanted to be without a colony resulting to the Scramble of Africa in just twenty five years. The techniques of administration that were adopted by each colonial power were fundamentally different in both theory and practice.[3]

In addition to the above, principles of racial order were very predominant in the European states during the nineteenth century period. Most of the Europeans saw themselves with the most progression and development. This created a mission for some towards enlightening and civilization of the “backward” societies characterized by the inferior people who occupied the rest of the world. A good example to showcase how the West portrayed the sentiment of racial greatness would the poem written by Rudyard Kipling the British poet in 1899, The White Man’s Burden. Most of the justifications towards the colonialism in Africa during this particular period of the nineteenth century were set across through the stereotypes of the African peoples that were in existence.

Christian missionary activities in Africa coincided with the...

Other Papers Like Colonialism In Africa

Social Studies Essay

324 words - 2 pages . masses, peaceful change vs. violent change, dictatorship vs. democracy and nationalism vs. imperialism. Be able to apply this to Mexico during this time period. 22- How did colonialism lay the groundwork for the emergence of the modern Middle East? Be familiar with the regions (Ottoman Empire/Turkey, Syria and Lebanon, Palestine, the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa) Be able to explain how European powers engaged in colonialism in the

Anthropology and Colonialism in African Photography

588 words - 3 pages When studying anthropology and colonialism, Africa and African photography are some of the best topics someone could study. It shows how much the view of a culture can get skewed and stereotyped. Photography and colonialism have been the major reasons why people see Africa how they do today. In the grand scheme of things, it is happened in an extremely short period of time, but this view will probably be permanent. African photography shows

History of Africa

1679 words - 7 pages independence of Africa, it was evident that the only way that the continent could move forward was by engaging in economic activities and ensuring economic progress, as the nationalist believed that colonialism had totally caused retardation. All the nations worked towards this, and there was improvement. Between 1965 and 1980, sub-Saharan Africa’s Gross Domestic Product per head grew at an average of 1.5 percent as to 1.3 percent in India

The Colonialistic Bias Of The Heart Of Darkness

806 words - 4 pages The Coloniaolistic bias of heart of darkness. In the colonialistic bias of Heart of Darkness by Francis B. Singh, he argues that Conrad wrote the story from first hand experience of imperialism. Conrad was a victim of Russia's colonialistic policies toward Poland. Singh says that the basis of Heart of Darkness comes from Canard's own experience in the Belgian Congo, one of the most exploited areas in Africa. Conrad doesn't tell the story

King Leopold's Ghost

1058 words - 5 pages Out of sight mind is very convenient. If we don’t see what is really going on it is easier for us as consumers to sleep at night. Capitalism, colonialism and slavery are still practiced today, but in foreign countries and in a different manner. Before reading King Leopold’s Ghost, when I thought of slavery I thought of the transatlantic slave trade or Africans working as slaves in the US. After reading the book my eyes were open to a whole

Early Colonization

2100 words - 9 pages promote trading with China which was a great advantage for economic reasons. Colonization of the South Africa Colonialism in South Africa began differently from other colonies. Initially, the landing in Cape Town posed an opportunity for ship crews to rest and stock up on essential supplies needed for journeys from Europe. Subsequently, slavery and forced labour became the motivation for the Dutch East India Company in 1653. Soon after


1309 words - 6 pages French Neo-Colonialism in Burkina Faso The brutal legacy of European colonialism and neo-colonialism as forms of imperialism manifests itself in various ways in Africa. In the 19th century, French imperialism colonized more African territories than any other of its European counterparts. Many countries colonized by France like Burkina Faso gained their formal independence in the early 1960s due to heroes’ anti-colonial, and national

Globalization in South Afria

1355 words - 6 pages tip of Africa. South Africa has had a long history of colonialism under both the British and the Dutch. The discovery of diamonds and gold in this region spurred the development of the area and immigration to the region while suppressing its native populations. And while the control the empires retained over their colonies was crumbling, South Africa as a colony did as well. It was granted independence in 1931, but when the Nationalist Party

The Emergence of the Male Breadwinner role in Africa

1038 words - 5 pages Emergence of the Male Breadwinner Role in Africa When looking back in history, according to Lindsay (2007), before males were idealised as the breadwinner of the household, women were also working and contributing economically to the household. When she states that “there was very little expectation that husbands would act as exclusive or even primary providers for wives and children” (Lindsay, 2007; 241 ). Herewith, my argument is that

Worl War I

1820 words - 8 pages imperialism in Africa and Asia from Conrad’s story? Answer The European colonialism brought different changes to the domestic level in Africa and Asian regions. The period after 1870s brought imperialistic aggression in African and Asian countries alongside the diplomatic pressures, colonial conquest and military invasion especially in the regions of Africa. The domestic people faced the foreign domination and attempt of colonization. During the

African Literature as a Form of Protest

1046 words - 5 pages big social and political issues of contemporary Africa will end up being completely irrelevant --- like the absurd man in the proverb who leaves his burning house to pursue a rat fleeing from the flames.” African writers do not hide the fact that the colonialism has affected their creativity in no small way. To understand the various forms of protest in African writing one must keep in mind the various forms of injustice and atrocities that the

Related Essays

Anti Colonialism In Africa Essay

751 words - 4 pages 12/1/10 Anti-Colonialism Professor Nanes When European countries went to Africa for various resources and control of land they greatly affected the natives that were there. Resentment grew in the hearts of Africans towards their imperial leaders and the only way they knew how to deal with it was with violence. When the Europeans finally left the people of Africa were free to live as they wanted but that did not mean things

Colonialism Essay

1610 words - 7 pages settler colonialism are not merely different, they are in some ways antithetical formations,” he wrote in the 2011 founding issue of the journal Settler Colonial Studies. For Veracini, “colonialism” apparently refers to the late 19th-century European scrambles for Africa and Asia—in popular imagery, plantation colonies where members of a white ruling class dressed in white linen lounge on the edge of a cricket field, sipping cocktails served up by dark

How Europe Underdeveloped Africa Essay

772 words - 4 pages Chapter three which is entitle : Africa’s contributions to the capitalist development of Europe-the colonial period.] Here Walter talks about how surplus was drawn from Africa to develop capitalism in the metropolitan sector. “Colonialism was not merely a system of exploitation but one whose essential purpose was to repatriate the profit to the so called mother land” [page 177].It means that the development of Europe as a part of the same

Colonialism Essay

2563 words - 11 pages Zealand. Colonization of Africa only began in earnest in the 1880s, but by 1900 virtually the entire continent was controlled by Europe. The colonial era ended gradually after World War II; the only territories still governed as colonies today are small islands. Colonialism is the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of