This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Collective Security System Essay

3083 words - 13 pages

Collective security system as a limitation to State’s sovereignty

Collective security system as a limitation to State’s sovereignty Alexandra Foucaud Since 1648 and the Treaty of Westphalia and the recognition of the sovereignty of each State, States have been commonly accepted as the key feature of world politics. Nevertheless, the Westphalian system did not prevent the outbreak of the two World Wars of the 20 th Century. After, the First World War emerged, at the instigation of President Wilson, a first try to set up a collective security system with the creation of the League of Nations, which would, eventually, not last long. After the Second World War, all “free” States affirmed ...view middle of the document...

By joining this CSS, States seem, in an exercise of sovereignty, to voluntarily abdicate a part of their sovereignty in order to protect it. Nevertheless, an historical analysis tends to show that the CSS have more far-reaching consequences on State sovereignty than expected. Accordingly, this paper shall examine the intertwining relationship of collective security system and State’s sovereignty. To do so, we shall observe that the international order is currently based on a “sovereigntycentered collective security”4 system before analyzing how State sovereignty can be limited and challenged in particular situations.

1 2

United Nations, Charter of the United Nations, 24 October 1945, Preamble United Nations, Charter of the United Nations, 24 October 1945, Chapter I, Article 1(1) 3 UN Charter, Preamble 4 Cuellar M.F., Stanford Journal of International Law 40:211 (2004), “Reflections on Sovereignty and Collective Security”

2

Collective security system as a limitation to State’s sovereignty Alexandra Foucaud

I-

A “sovereignty-centered collective security” system
A. State sovereignty as one of the founding principle of the UN Charter 1. The UN Charter : a treaty between States First, it seems important to remind that the UN Charter is a treaty between States as it is

emphasized in its Preamble : “Governments (…) who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations (…)”5. The Charter also accentuate that “Membership (…) is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, (…) are able and willing to carry out these obligations”6. Thus it seems that surrendering a part of national sovereignty is just an exercise of the very same sovereignty. This choice can be understood while focusing on the costs and benefits of joining the system. The current CSS could be assimilated to a social contract between States that voluntarily decided to give up a part of sovereignty in order to maintain peace and security. If one might argue that States lost sovereignty, it appears that the benefits of such surrender overweigh the costs. Hence, signing this “Pacta Sunt Servanda” is not synonymous with an abdication of national sovereignty. 2. The UN Charter as a protection of State sovereignty The UN Charter clearly states that it respect and protect the national sovereignty of all the signatories as “The Organisation is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members”7… Moreover, even if Article 2(4) specifies that « All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations»8, it also highlights that «Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially...

Other Papers Like Collective Security System

Industrial Relations Essay

2224 words - 9 pages concluded with a definitive view on the role of Collective Bargaining on workers lives. Existing literature will be used to support arguments throughout this report and a brief review of Sweden’s ‘True Corporatism’ system of the 1960’s will be integrated as a method of concluding the report. Collective Bargaining and the Employer: Collective Bargaining is the process of “agreeing terms and conditions of employment through representatives of

U.S. Govt Chapt 14 Bookwork Essay

868 words - 4 pages Jenor Rasmussen Govt. Chapter 14 1. C 2. E 3. A 4. C 5. B 6. E 7. C 8. B 9. E 10. E Bretton Woods System: international financial system devised shortly before the end of WWII that created the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund Collective security: The idea that an attack on one country is an attack on all the countries Containment: U.S policy of opposing Soviet expansion and communist

Cyber Security: Physical and Digital Security Measures

3505 words - 15 pages of a lack of knowledge or an inability to appropriately apply that knowledge, companies like Target, Home Depot, and even Sony, among others, find themselves faced with security nightmares that could have just as easily been avoided (Yang & Jayakumar, 2014; Home Depot, 2014; Steinberg, 2014). In order to be able to approach cyber security properly, an organization must both have the knowledge necessary to implement a system designed to

Cold War Canada: A Time Of Collective Security And Political Urging

1192 words - 5 pages Even before the closure of World War II, the Allies agreed that they needed to set up an organization that could defuse disputes between nations before the occurrence of war. It was evident that this organization would need the support of various countries, and have enough power to carry out such immense mediating tasks.In 1945, based on faith in the philosophy of collective security, representatives of Canada, Great Britain and the United

Security Studies: Western Birth and Raise

1188 words - 5 pages [leaving] behind the so-called traditional sectors and natives who are backward, rural, agricultural, socially stagnant, and feminine”7. Mohammed Ayoob in The Third World Security Predicament defines the term Third World as describing “the underdeveloped, poor, weak states of Asia, Africa, and Latin America that together make up a substantial numerical majority among the members of the International system”.8 The Security definition in

Performance

4401 words - 18 pages able to be represented in the more established collective bargaining systems. The key elements of an effective collective bargaining system for the informal sector may be identified as follows. (i) Identifying the appropriate negotiating partner (ii) Recognition/accreditation of representative workers’ organizations in the informal sector. (iii) Independence/autonomy of representative organizations participating in collective

Hong Kong Social Security

1844 words - 8 pages . These families suffer considerable hardship. As a result, Social Security becomes an important issue in Hong Kong. Social Security is societal and collective measures to provide financial and psychological security to people of the community against certain risk in and contingencies of life, especially when certain life-risk and contingencies can hardly be resolved by individuals' effort. The typical examples are retirement, accidents

Discuss the Concept of Power in International Relations from a Realist Perspective

1309 words - 6 pages to be. Therefore, realists claim that pursuing power for a state is not only to fulfill its ambition but to survive. The question is why do nations need power to survive? To begin with, in realists’ definition, the state is the main actor in the international system. Though it might be city-state, empire, kingdom or tribe that represented the state at times, the point is this basic unit represents the collective will of people. (Dunne) To quest

Information System Security

1267 words - 6 pages hardware and software problems and about security events on your computer. A computer running Windows Server 2008 records events in at least three kinds of logs: application, system, and security. A computer running Windows Server 2008 which is configured as a domain controller records events in two additional logs, the Directory Service log and the File Replication Service log. A computer running Windows Server 2008 which is configured as a Domain

Individual and Community Perceptions of Mental Illness

533 words - 3 pages of “difference” by virtue of the illness and forms a support system that not only provides a safe environment for healing but also engages the collective body in the therapeutic process, removing the stigma and maintaining the strength of the core familial relationship that is supported within the broader community. While the perception of mental illness may vary within and among socioeconomic classes it presents an ongoing challenge to individual(s) that are so classified and also to a rapidly changing society, whose responsibility it is to develop systems and polices that address the needs of those who are impacted by the nightmares that have become their lives.

Industrial Relations

2340 words - 10 pages key roles & responsibilities by the major actors in an IR/ER system in each country? (5 marks) The major actors in Industrial and Employment relations system are the: * Trade unions Trade unions according to (Aminuddin, 2008), “is to provide protection at the most personal level for individual workers, collective bargaining for better terms and conditions of employment and assistance to individual workers who have a grievance or

Related Essays

Collective Bargaining Essay

1353 words - 6 pages process of negotiating an agreement regarding the terms and conditions of employment through a system of shared responsibility and decision-making between labor and management. WHAT ARE THE BARGAINING? FOUR ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF COLLECTIVE Legal. Collective bargaining agreement. is a process of negotiating an of Economic. Moral. It Its contents specify the terms and conditions employment (e.g., salary/wage increase

Effects Of Union Essay

898 words - 4 pages ’ pension plan without going through the collective bargaining process. The reform would have been for current and retired employees, however, the unions all agreed to sue the governor and the legislature it they made any type of reform to the pension system outside the collective bargaining process. Because of that process the legislature and the governor’s office decided to negotiate with unions prior to any reform. Other effects unions have on

Information Security Essay

988 words - 4 pages switching off computers that are used publicly. These examples of omission are a threat to the security of information. The second human trait is acts of commission. Parsons et.al (2010) indicates that there are cases whereby individuals miss out on the correct procedure of performing a particular action. There are cases whereby forget to enter their passwords in the correct forms hence creating challenges to the information system security

What Ideas About World Peace Were Behind The Formation Of The League Of Nations, And Can They Ever Hope To Be Fulfilled?

1987 words - 8 pages independence of all Member of the League under Section 10 of the Covenant." Nations would act first diplomatically, then economically through sanctions, and if this was insufficient military forces from all the states would be used against the aggressor. Collective security was held to be an achievable ideal which would be fulfilled by nations for towards a peaceful international system "as a safeguard against war."The greatest flaw in the idea of