Cold War Ideology And Policies Essay

518 words - 3 pages

Cold War Ideology and Policies
Jackie Carter
HIST 135
June 26, 2011
Shara Forrister

Cold War Ideology and Policies

During World War II, Russia and the United States were never friendly. They formed an alliance to stop Hitler. The United States and the Soviet Union stood alone as “superpowers” with the ability to annihilate each other and the rest of the world (Davidson, 2006). Americans were fearful and suspicious of Stalin and the communist party. Stalin made it no secret that he wanted to expand communist control to the other territories surrounding Russia, the United States and the world. The United States was against the spread of communism. At the same time Stalin felt threatened by the alliance created between the United States and Europe. After World War ...view middle of the document...

The Marshall plan was developed to give economic aid Germany, Italy, and France. This helped improve conditions which Communists could not exploit. However this did not deter Stalin. In 1947 Soviet forces replaced Hungary’s moderate government with a Communist run government and in 1948 the Czechoslovakian government was over thrown by the Communist regime. After the takeover of Hungary and Czechoslovakia, hostilities increased between the Soviet Union and its former allies. The United States along with Great Britain, France, and a few other countries led to the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (Davidson, 2006).
In response to Russia’s development of an atomic bomb, American military planners were forced to implement a nuclear strategy. The National Security Council (NSC) urged that funding for defense spending be increased and that a new hydrogen bomb be developed to counteract Russia’s new atomic capability. About the same time North Korea had invaded South Korea. It was decided that the United States would participate but the fighting would be a police action monitored by the United Nations (Davidson, 2006).
America’s leaders were forced to re-evaluate where U.S. interests lie and what regions were most crucial to the future of the United States. Western Europe continued to be viewed as the center of the world’s economic and military power (Davidson, 2006). Since the Korean War, the U.S. policy has been to provide economic and military aid to countries to prevent the spread of communism.

References

Davidson, J., (Ed.). (2006). Nation of nations: A concise narrative of the American Republic (4th ed., vol. 2). Boston: McGraw Hill.

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