This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cold War Ideology And Policies Essay

518 words - 3 pages

Cold War Ideology and Policies
Jackie Carter
HIST 135
June 26, 2011
Shara Forrister

Cold War Ideology and Policies

During World War II, Russia and the United States were never friendly. They formed an alliance to stop Hitler. The United States and the Soviet Union stood alone as “superpowers” with the ability to annihilate each other and the rest of the world (Davidson, 2006). Americans were fearful and suspicious of Stalin and the communist party. Stalin made it no secret that he wanted to expand communist control to the other territories surrounding Russia, the United States and the world. The United States was against the spread of communism. At the same time Stalin felt threatened by the alliance created between the United States and Europe. After World War ...view middle of the document...

The Marshall plan was developed to give economic aid Germany, Italy, and France. This helped improve conditions which Communists could not exploit. However this did not deter Stalin. In 1947 Soviet forces replaced Hungary’s moderate government with a Communist run government and in 1948 the Czechoslovakian government was over thrown by the Communist regime. After the takeover of Hungary and Czechoslovakia, hostilities increased between the Soviet Union and its former allies. The United States along with Great Britain, France, and a few other countries led to the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (Davidson, 2006).
In response to Russia’s development of an atomic bomb, American military planners were forced to implement a nuclear strategy. The National Security Council (NSC) urged that funding for defense spending be increased and that a new hydrogen bomb be developed to counteract Russia’s new atomic capability. About the same time North Korea had invaded South Korea. It was decided that the United States would participate but the fighting would be a police action monitored by the United Nations (Davidson, 2006).
America’s leaders were forced to re-evaluate where U.S. interests lie and what regions were most crucial to the future of the United States. Western Europe continued to be viewed as the center of the world’s economic and military power (Davidson, 2006). Since the Korean War, the U.S. policy has been to provide economic and military aid to countries to prevent the spread of communism.


Davidson, J., (Ed.). (2006). Nation of nations: A concise narrative of the American Republic (4th ed., vol. 2). Boston: McGraw Hill.

Other Papers Like Cold War Ideology and Policies

The Cold War and the War on Terror

1024 words - 5 pages Eerily, it seems that during the Cold War and the War on Terror, many of the feelings that citizens felt were the same, but what America called the enemy was different. Following the September 11th attacks, there was a feeling of paranoia felt throughout America similar to the paranoia felt during the Cold War. Americans did not feel safe, and an attack could come at any time. The fight on the home front looked different during the Cold War

End of Cold War and Its Effects on Africa

1112 words - 5 pages The collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent end of the Cold War resulted in varying consequences for Africa. Some could be viewed as success, while others where viewed as disasters. Within South Africa, the end of the vicious rivalry between the two superpowers resulted in a change for a better future and the end of a long racial supremacy, whilst within the Democratic Republic of Congo, tensions increased, causing a disastrous future to

The Cold War And The National Science Foundation

2496 words - 10 pages young men and bright scientists returning from the war? How would the upcoming Cold War with the Soviet Union impact all three of these groups? During these times, business, the military, and academic institutions would be very strongly intertwined. Cold War politics played a large role in the relationship between these three groups. This point can best be explained by the impact of the creation of the National Science Foundation after the war.During

Contributions Of The U.S. And The U.S.S.R. To The Cold War

778 words - 4 pages Contributions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to the Cold War Student’s Name Course Institution Instructor Date Contributions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to the Cold War Through an analysis of the Soviet Union’s perspective of communist-based system, the United States technological advance in manufacture of atomic bombs and missiles to bring the rest of the world to their knees, and post war estrangement of the Eastern European nations

The Cold War and Its Effects on the Civil Rights Movement

1522 words - 7 pages ; American institutionalized racism. The Cold war had numerous effects on the American Civil rights movement; starting with its exposure of American racist policies and actions onto the world stage and the following blow to American moral legitimacy abroad. Secondly, Cold War interactions played a major role in shaping the ideologies and values of the Black Power movement and its leaders. The new international stage for US racial relations would provide

To What Extent Did Peaceful Coexistence Ease Cold War Tension Between Us and Ussr 1953- 1961?

1245 words - 5 pages To what extent did peaceful coexistence ease cold war tension between US and USSR 1953- 1961? Between the years 1953-1961 the Soviet Union under the control of Nikita Khrushchev adopted a rather ‘friendly’ and calm approach regarding American-Soviet relations. Following the death of Stalin, Khrushchev adopted the policy of ‘peaceful coexistence’ that sought a friendly approach to the west limiting the threat of direct confrontation. Through the

Cold War Canada: A Time Of Collective Security And Political Urging

1192 words - 5 pages centers, NORAD, was set up. All affairs with the United States were not pleasant ones however, as there was some dispute over fair representation in NORAD. Because of the events described above, the cold war era will be remembered by many as a time of collective security and political urging.Cited----- and the Cold War (Reg Whitaker, 2003)

China and Usa in New Cold War over Africa’s Oil Riches

3171 words - 13 pages China and USA in New Cold War over Africa’s Oil Riches Darfur? It’s the Oil, Stupid... By F. William Engdahl | Global Research, May 20, 2007 | To paraphrase the famous quip during the 1992 US Presidential debates, when an unknown William Jefferson Clinton told then-President George Herbert Walker Bush, “It’s the economy, stupid,” the present concern of the current Washington Administration over Darfur in southern Sudan is not, if we were to

The Positive Aspects Of The Cold War: 1946 - 1991 Describes The Positive Aspects And Outcomes Of The Cold War, And How It Helped To Create A Stable World Economy And Political Structure

1518 words - 7 pages figures, as well as helped to boost their economies which had entered a post-war depression. The nuclear arms race and the policies of expanding each country's spheres of influence helped to polarize the world into a "good versus evil" situation, which created an unprecedented level of international political security. Although many aspects of the Cold War were negative in nature, as a whole the Cold War helped rather than hindered countries on both

The Cold War Was a Period of Uneasy Peace Between Two Vastly Differing Social Systems and Ideologies

925 words - 4 pages The Cold War was a period starting in around 1946, consisting of political and military tension and economic competition. The Cold War was ‘fought’ between the Communist Soviet Union, and the Capitalist West, mainly the United States. As opposed to a hot war, wherein two nations or faction conflict in an armed battle, in a Cold War, the major military forces never engage in physical warfare with each other. Instead, the conflict is expressed via

How far did relations between East and West change during the Cold War period from 1948 to the 1980s?

1643 words - 7 pages How far did relations between East and West change during the Cold War period from 1948 to the 1980s? The period of 1948 to the 1980s includes a thaw in Cold war relations after 1953, but also covers a series of crises. This essay will discuss how far the period marks a significant change in relations between the two superpowers. To come to my judgment, I will discuss the following, the Berlin Blockade of 1948-9, the Polish Solidarity Crisis

Related Essays

Cold War And Us Diplomacy Essay

1023 words - 5 pages , Adolf Hitler was at last beaten in 1945. Truman passionately detested communism and felt with the purpose of that it was the US obligation to obstruct the development of those principles. Throughout the Cold War, the US established harmony and detained back the Soviet development in addition to build financial and political solidity in the course of the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan as well as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This Cold

The Cold War And Diplomacy Essay

586 words - 3 pages The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy Alesha Lovette Strayer University Richard Nixon's six years in the White House remain widely viewed as pivotal in American military, diplomatic, and political history. In the two decades before Nixon took office, a liberal Democratic coalition dominated presidential politics, and American foreign policy was marked by large-scale military interventions; in the two decades after, a conservative Republican

The Cold War And Red Scare

521 words - 3 pages The Cold War and Red Scare The Cold War was a simple competition of two large political factions. To be more specific, it means the great diversion between the Western factions (led by the United States) and the Eastern factions (led by the Soviet Union). It started when World War II ended Truman entered into the White House. The video says that the Cold War had a dramatic effect on American freedom. The main meaning of freedom is the

Who Started The Cold War And Why?

1246 words - 5 pages Who started the cold war and why? The Cold War was started by the principal victors of World War II: the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and to a lesser extent Britain. The Cold War was essentially an ideological struggle which but soon adopted all facets of full international conflict with its geopolitical, economic and also scientific-technological aspects. The earliest stages of the Cold War coincided